Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.

Mitogen-activated protein kinase regulates transcription of the ApoCIII gene. Involvement of the orphan nuclear receptor HNF4.

Reddy S., Yang W., Taylor D.G., Shen X.q., Oxender D., Kust G., Leff T.

The transcriptional regulation of the apoCIII gene by hormonal and metabolic signals plays a significant role in determining plasma triglyceride levels. In the current work we demonstrate that the apoCIII gene is regulated by the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase signaling pathway. In HepG2 cells, repression of MAP kinase activity by treatment with the mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase inhibitor PD98059 caused a 5-8-fold increase in apoCIII transcriptional activity. Activation of MAP kinase by phorbol ester treatment caused a 3-5-fold reduction in apoCIII transcription. The region of the apoCIII promoter responsible for this regulation was mapped in transiently transfected HepG2 cells to a 6-base pair element located at -740. The major protein binding to this site was identified as the nuclear hormone receptor HNF4. An increase in HNF4 mRNA and protein levels was observed in HepG2 cells after treatment with PD98059, indicating that the MAP kinase pathway regulates the expression of the HNF4 gene. These findings demonstrate that the apoCIII gene can be regulated by signals acting through the MAP kinase pathway and that this regulation is mediated, at least in part, by changes in the amount of HNF4.

J. Biol. Chem. 274:33050-33056(1999) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again