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The role of mismatched nucleotides in activating the hMSH2-hMSH6 molecular switch.

Gradia S., Acharya S., Fishel R.

We have previously shown that hMSH2-hMSH6 contains an intrinsic ATPase which is activated by mismatch-provoked ADP-->ATP exchange that coordinately induces the formation of a sliding clamp capable of hydrolysis-independent diffusion along the DNA backbone (1,2). These studies suggested that mismatch repair could be propagated by a signaling event transduced via diffusion of ATP-bound hMSH2-hMSH6 molecular switches to the DNA repair machinery. The Molecular Switch model (Fishel, R. (1998) Genes Dev. 12, 2096-2101) is considerably different than the Hydrolysis-Driven Translocation model (Blackwell, L. J., Martik, D., Bjornson, K. P., Bjornson, E. S., and Modrich, P. (1998) J. Biol. Chem. 273, 32055-32062) and makes additional testable predictions beyond the demonstration of hydrolysis-independent diffusion (Gradia, S., Subramanian, D., Wilson, T., Acharya, S., Makhov, A., Griffith, J., and Fishel, R. (1999) Mol. Cell 3, 255-261): (i) individual mismatch-provoked ADP-->ATP exchange should be unique and rate-limiting, and (ii) the k(cat x DNA) for the DNA-stimulated ATPase activity should decrease with increasing chain length. Here we have examined hMSH2-hMSH6 affinity and ATPase stimulatory activity for several DNA substrates containing mispaired nucleotides as well as the chain length dependence of a defined mismatch under physiological conditions. We find that the results are most consistent with the predictions of the Molecular Switch model.

J. Biol. Chem. 275:3922-3930(2000) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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