Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.

Role of TNF ligand and receptor family in the lymphoid organogenesis defined by gene targeting.

Matsumoto M.

The molecular basis of lymphoid organogenesis has recently been elucidated using gene-targeted mice. Mice deficient in lymphotoxin-alpha (LT alpha) lack lymph nodes and Peyer's patches. The action of LT alpha in lymphoid organogenesis is mediated mostly by the membrane form of LT by a mechanism independent of TNF receptor I (TNFR-I) or II (TNFR-II). Additionally, follicular dendritic cell (FDC) clusters or germinal centers fail to develop in the spleen of LT alpha-deficient mice. Mice deficient in either TNFR-I or LT beta R also fail to develop splenic FDC clusters and germinal centers, indicating that signaling through both TNFR-I and LT beta R is required for the development of these structures. The mechanisms underlying the defective lymphoid organogenesis in LT alpha-deficient mice, together with a natural mutant strain, alymphoplasia (aly) mice, which manifest a quite similar phenotype to LT alpha-deficient mice, were investigated by generating aggregation chimeras. These studies demonstrate that LT alpha and the aly gene product together control lymphoid organogenesis with a close mechanistic relationship in their biochemical pathways through governing distinct cellular compartments; the former acting as a circulating ligand and the latter as a LT beta R-signaling molecule expressed by the stroma of the lymphoid organs.

J. Med. Invest. 46:141-150(1999) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again