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Targeting elements in the amino-terminal part direct the human 70-kDa peroxisomal integral membrane protein (PMP70) to peroxisomes.

Biermanns M., Gartner J.

Peroxisomes are multipurpose organelles present in nearly all eukaryotic cells. All peroxisomale matrix and membrane proteins are synthesized in the cytoplasm. While a clear picture of the basic targeting mechanisms for peroxisomal matrix proteins has emerged over the past years, the targeting processes for peroxisomal membrane proteins are poorly understood. The 70-kDa peroxisomal integral membrane protein (PMP70) is one of the proteins located in the human peroxisome membrane. PMP70 belongs to the family of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter proteins. It consists of six transmembrane domains and an ATP-binding fold in the cytosol. Here we describe that efficient peroxisomal targeting of human PMP70 depends on three targeting elements in the amino-terminal protein region, namely amino acids 61 to 80 located in the cytosol as well as the first and second transmembrane domains. Furthermore, peroxin 19 (PEX19) interactions are not required for targeting human PMP70 to peroxisomes. PEX19 does not specifically bind to the targeting elements of human PMP70.

Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 285:649-655(2001) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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