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X-ray snapshots of quinone cofactor biogenesis in bacterial copper amine oxidase.

Kim M., Okajima T., Kishishita S., Yoshimura M., Kawamori A., Tanizawa K., Yamaguchi H.

The quinone cofactor TPQ in copper amine oxidase is generated by posttranslational modification of an active site tyrosine residue. Using X-ray crystallography, we have probed the copper-dependent autooxidation process of TPQ in the enzyme from Arthrobacter globiformis. Apo enzyme crystals were anaerobically soaked with copper; the structure determined from this crystal provides a view of the initial state: the unmodified tyrosine coordinated to the bound copper. Exposure of the copper-bound crystals to oxygen led to the formation of freeze-trapped intermediates; structural analyses indicate that these intermediates contain dihydroxyphenylalanine quinone and trihydroxyphenylalanine. These are the first visualized intermediates during TPQ biogenesis in copper amine oxidase.

Nat. Struct. Biol. 9:591-596(2002) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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