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Human MCRS2, a cell-cycle-dependent protein, associates with LPTS/PinX1 and reduces the telomere length.

Song H., Li Y., Chen G., Xing Z., Zhao J., Yokoyama K.K., Li T., Zhao M.

Human LPTS/PinX1 is a telomerase-inhibitory protein, which binds to the telomere protein Pin2/TRF1 and the catalytic subunit hTERT of telomerase. To explore the proteins that might be involved in the telomerase pathway, we performed a yeast two-hybrid screening with LPTS/PinX1 as the bait. A novel gene, MCRS2, encoding for an isoform of MCRS1/p78 and MSP58 was isolated. The expression of MCRS2 protein is cell-cycle dependent, accumulating in the very early S phase. MCRS2 interacts with LPTS/PinX1 in vitro, in vivo and colocalizes with LPTS/PinX1 in cells. MCRS2 and its amino terminus inhibit telomerase activity in vitro and long-term overexpression of MCRS2 in SMMC-7721 cells results in a gradual and progressive shortening of telomeres. Our findings suggest that MCRS2 might be a linker between telomere maintenance and cell-cycle regulation.

Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 316:1116-1123(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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