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Identification of the autophosphorylation sites in rhodopsin kinase.

Palczewski K., Buczylko J., van Hooser P., Carr S.A., Huddleston M.J., Crabb J.W.

Rhodopsin kinase (RK) is a second-messenger-independent protein kinase that is involved in deactivation of photolyzed rhodopsin (Rho*). We have developed a significantly improved method for isolation of RK based on the specific interactions of phosphorylated forms of the enzyme with heparin-Sepharose. Conversion of the dephosphorylated form of RK to the fully phosphorylated enzyme leads to specific elution of the kinase from the resin. Limited proteolysis of RK with endoproteinase Asp-N removes the phosphorylation sites. Peptides containing the autophosphorylation sites were isolated by reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography and analyzed by Edman degradation and tandem mass spectrometry. The derived amino acid sequence of the peptide containing the major autophosphorylation site yielded the following sequence: DVGAFS488T489VKGVAFEK, where Ser488 and Thr489 are phosphorylated. Additionally, a minor autophosphorylation site was identified at Ser21. A 15-residue peptide (DVGAFSTVKGVAFEK) encompassing the major autophosphorylation site was synthesized and used for phosphorylation and inhibition studies. In contrast to many other protein kinases, the low catalytic activity of RK toward its autophosphorylation site peptide and the poor inhibitory properties of this peptide suggest unique properties of this member of the family of G protein-coupled receptor kinases.

J. Biol. Chem. 267:18991-18998(1992) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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