Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.

Novel mutations associated with metachromatic leukodystrophy: phenotype and expression studies in nine Czech and Slovak patients.

Berna L., Gieselmann V., Poupetova H., Hrebicek M., Elleder M., Ledvinova J.

Metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) is an inherited demyelinating disorder caused by the deficiency of arylsulphatase A (ASA). This defect leads to an accumulation of galactosylceramide I(3)-sulphates (sulphatides) in lysosomes of different tissues. We report on mutations found in a group of nine patients from the Czech and Slovak Republics (former Czechoslovakia). Their diagnosis was confirmed by determination of the activity of arylsulphatase A in leukocytes and by abnormal urinary excretion of sulphatides. All alleles of the patients were identified and eight different mutations were found. They include four novel missense mutations in one infantile (D29N), one juvenile (C294Y), and three adult (C156R, G293S) patients. Four mutations were previously described sequence alterations (459 + 1G > A, G309S, I179S, and P426L). Polymorphisms characteristic for the ASA pseudodeficiency allele were not found in the patients. Substitutions of D29N, C294Y, and G293S in arylsulphatase A caused a severe reduction of enzyme activity in transient expression studies. In contrast, the C156R substitution reduces arylsulphatase A only to 50% of wild type ASA activity. Since no other mutations were found in this patient, the contribution of this mutation to the development of disease remains unclear.

Am. J. Med. Genet. A 129:277-281(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again