Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.

Interferon regulatory factor 1 binding to p300 stimulates DNA-dependent acetylation of p53.

Dornan D., Eckert M., Wallace M., Shimizu H., Ramsay E., Hupp T.R., Ball K.L.

Interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF-1) and p53 control distinct sets of downstream genes; however, these two antioncogenic transcription factors converge to regulate p21 gene expression and to inhibit tumor formation. Here we investigate the mechanism by which IRF-1 and p53 synergize at the p21 promoter and show that stimulation of p21 transcription by IRF-1 does not require its DNA-binding activity but relies on the ability of IRF-1 to bind the coactivator p300 and to stimulate p53-dependent transcription by an allosteric mechanism. Deletion of the p300-binding sites in IRF-1 eliminates the ability of IRF-1 to stimulate p53 acetylation and associated p53 activity. Complementing this, small peptides derived from the IRF-1-p300 interface can bind to p300, stabilize the binding of p300 to DNA-bound p53, stimulate p53 acetylation in trans, and up-regulate p53-dependent activity from the p21 promoter. The nonacetylatable p53 mutant (p53-6KR) cannot be stimulated by IRF-1, further suggesting that p53 acetylation is the mechanism whereby IRF-1 modifies p53 activity. These data expand the core p300-p53 protein LXXLL and PXXP interface by including an IRF-1-p300 interface as an allosteric modifier of DNA-dependent acetylation of p53 at the p21 promoter.

Mol. Cell. Biol. 24:10083-10098(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again