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PIDD mediates NF-kappaB activation in response to DNA damage.

Janssens S., Tinel A., Lippens S., Tschopp J.

Activation of NF-kappaB following genotoxic stress allows time for DNA-damage repair and ensures cell survival accounting for acquired chemoresistance, an impediment to effective cancer therapy. Despite this clinical relevance, little is known about pathways that enable genotoxic-stress-induced NF-kappaB induction. Previously, we reported a role for the p53-inducible death-domain-containing protein, PIDD, in caspase-2 activation and apoptosis in response to DNA damage. We now demonstrate that PIDD plays a critical role in DNA-damage-induced NF-kappaB activation. Upon genotoxic stress, a complex between PIDD, the kinase RIP1, and a component of the NF-kappaB-activating kinase complex, NEMO, is formed. PIDD expression enhances genotoxic-stress-induced NF-kappaB activation through augmented sumoylation and ubiquitination of NEMO. Depletion of PIDD and RIP1, but not caspase-2, abrogates DNA-damage-induced NEMO modification and NF-kappaB activation. We propose that PIDD acts as a molecular switch, controlling the balance between life and death upon DNA damage.

Cell 123:1079-1092(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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