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Synaptotagmin IV regulates dense core vesicle (DCV) release in LbetaT2 cells.

Hu Z.T., Chen M.R., Ping Z., Dong Y.M., Zhang R.Y., Xu T., Wu Z.X.

Synaptotagmins (Syts) are calcium-binding proteins which are conserved from nematodes to humans. Fifteen Syts have been identified in mammalian species. Syt I is recognized as a Ca(2+) sensor for the synchronized release of synaptic vesicles in some types of neurons, but its role in the secretion of dense core vesicles (DCVs) remains unclear. The function of Syt IV is of particular interest because it is rapidly up-regulated by chronic depolarization and seizures. Using RNAi-mediated gene silencing, we have explored the role of Syt I and IV on secretion in a pituitary gonadotrope cell line. Downregulation of Syt IV clearly reduced Ca(2+)-triggered exocytosis of dense core vesicles (DCVs) in LbetaT2 cells. Syt I silencing, however, had no effect on vesicular release.

Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 371:781-786(2008) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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