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A strategy for precise and large scale identification of core fucosylated glycoproteins.

Jia W., Lu Z., Fu Y., Wang H.P., Wang L.H., Chi H., Yuan Z.F., Zheng Z.B., Song L.N., Han H.H., Liang Y.M., Wang J.L., Cai Y., Zhang Y.K., Deng Y.L., Ying W.T., He S.M., Qian X.H.

Core fucosylation (CF) patterns of some glycoproteins are more sensitive and specific than evaluation of their total respective protein levels for diagnosis of many diseases, such as cancers. Global profiling and quantitative characterization of CF glycoproteins may reveal potent biomarkers for clinical applications. However, current techniques are unable to reveal CF glycoproteins precisely on a large scale. Here we developed a robust strategy that integrates molecular weight cutoff, neutral loss-dependent MS(3), database-independent candidate spectrum filtering, and optimization to effectively identify CF glycoproteins. The rationale for spectrum treatment was innovatively based on computation of the mass distribution in spectra of CF glycopeptides. The efficacy of this strategy was demonstrated by implementation for plasma from healthy subjects and subjects with hepatocellular carcinoma. Over 100 CF glycoproteins and CF sites were identified, and over 10,000 mass spectra of CF glycopeptide were found. The scale of identification results indicates great progress for finding biomarkers with a particular and attractive prospect, and the candidate spectra will be a useful resource for the improvement of database searching methods for glycopeptides.

Mol. Cell. Proteomics 8:913-923(2009) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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