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IRAK1 and IRAK4 promote phosphorylation, ubiquitination, and degradation of MyD88 adaptor-like (Mal).

Dunne A., Carpenter S., Brikos C., Gray P., Strelow A., Wesche H., Morrice N., O'Neill L.A.

Signal transduction by Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) and TLR4 requires the adaptors MyD88 and Mal (MyD88 adaptor-like) and serine/threonine kinases, interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinases IRAK1 and IRAK4. We have found that both IRAK1 and IRAK4 can directly phosphorylate Mal. In addition, co-expression of Mal with either IRAK resulted in depletion of Mal from cell lysates. This is likely to be due to Mal phosphorylation by the IRAKs because kinase-inactive forms of either IRAK had no effect. Furthermore, lipopolysaccharide stimulation resulted in ubiquitination and degradation of Mal, which was inhibited using an IRAK1/4 inhibitor or by knocking down expression of IRAK1 and IRAK4. MyD88 is not a substrate for either IRAK and did not undergo degradation. We therefore conclude that Mal is a substrate for IRAK1 and IRAK4 with phosphorylation promoting ubiquitination and degradation of Mal. This process may serve to negatively regulate signaling by TLR2 and TLR4.

J. Biol. Chem. 285:18276-18282(2010) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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