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Integrin expression and integrin-mediated adhesion in vitro of human multipotent stromal cells (MSCs) to endothelial cells from various blood vessels.

Semon J.A., Nagy L.H., Llamas C.B., Tucker H.A., Lee R.H., Prockop D.J.

Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) home to damaged tissue by processes partly regulated by integrins. Integrin subunits expressed by MSCs were identified by flow cytometry (FC), immunocytochemistry (IC), and a panel of integrin-binding antibodies. In subconfluent cultures, over 80% of MSCs expressed integrin subunits beta1, beta2, and alpha3, 20%-55% expressed alpha1, alpha2, alpha4, alpha5, alpha6, and alphaV, and about 10% expressed beta3 when assayed by FC. None of the cells expressed significant levels of 13 other integrins as assayed by FC, but seven of the 13 integrins were detected by IC: beta5, alpha7, alpha8, alpha9, alpha11, alphaX, and alphaD. Expression of some integrins changed with MSC confluency: integrins beta3, alpha1, alpha3, alpha5, and alphaV increased, and alpha6 decreased. Furthermore, alpha4 was the only integrin to vary among preparations of MSCs from different donors. The results resolved some discrepancies in the literature concerning integrin expression by MSCs. We also investigated the role of specific integrins in MSC adhesion to endothelial cells (ECs) from the pulmonary artery (HPAEC), cardiac-derived microvasculature (HMVEC-C), and umbilical veins (HUVEC). In experiments with blocking antibodies to beta integrins, anti-beta5 reduced MSC adhesion to all types of ECs, anti-beta1 to both HUVEC and HPAEC, anti-beta3 to HUVEC, and anti-beta2 to HMVEC-C. With blocking antibodies to alpha integrins, anti-alphaX reduced adhesion to HPAEC and HMVEC-C, anti-alphaV to HPAEC, and both anti-alpha7 and anti-alphaD to HMVEC-C. Thus, MSCs use diverse integrins to adhere to EC from various blood vessels in vitro.

Cell Tissue Res. 341:147-158(2010) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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