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The beta-catenin HMP-2 functions downstream of Src in parallel with the Wnt pathway in early embryogenesis of C. elegans.

Sumiyoshi E., Takahashi S., Obata H., Sugimoto A., Kohara Y.

The Wnt and Src pathways are widely used signal transduction pathways in development. β-catenin is utilized in both pathways, as a signal transducer and a component of the cadherin cell adhesion complex, respectively. A C. elegans β-catenin HMP-2 is involved in cell adhesion, but its signaling role has been unknown. Here, we report that in early embryogenesis HMP-2 acts as a signaling molecule in the Src signal. During early embryogenesis in C. elegans, the Wnt and Src pathways are redundantly involved in endoderm induction at the four-cell stage and spindle orientation in an ABar blastomere. RNAi experiments demonstrated that HMP-2 functions in the Src pathway, but in parallel with the Wnt pathway in these processes. HMP-2 localized at the cell boundaries and nuclei, and its localization at cell boundaries was negatively regulated by SRC-1. In addition, HMP-2 was Tyr-phosphorylated in a SRC-1-dependent manner in vivo. Taken together, we propose that HMP-2 functions downstream of the Src signaling pathway and contribute to endoderm induction and ABar spindle orientation, in parallel with the Wnt signaling pathway.

Dev. Biol. 355:302-312(2011) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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