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Expression of prohibitins on the surface of activated T cells.

Yurugi H., Tanida S., Ishida A., Akita K., Toda M., Inoue M., Nakada H.

Prohibitins (prohibitin-1 and -2) comprise a family of highly conserved proteins that are mainly localized to mitochondria. Recent studies showed that prohibitins are up-regulated upon T cell activation and play an essential role in maintaining mitochondrial homeostasis. In the present study, we found that a considerable proportion of prohibitin-1 and -2 induced in response to T cell activation was expressed on the surface of activated T cells. When mouse and human T cells were stimulated with PMA and ionomycin, prohibitins expressed on the cell surface were increased significantly, peaking at 48 h after stimulation. Stimulation of mouse T cells with anti-CD3 and anti-CD28 antibodies also remarkably induced the cell surface expression of prohibitins. Their expression on the cell surface was also detected in T cell leukemia cells such as Jurkat cells. In Jurkat cells, prohibitin-1 and -2 were co-localized with CD3 on the cell surface, and anti-CD3 antibody-induced signaling, the MAP kinase cascade, was inhibited on treatment with protein A magnetic beads co-conjugated with anti-CD3 antibody and anti-prohibitin-1 or anti-prohibitin-2 antibody. These results suggest that prohibitins expressed on the surface of activated T cells are involved in the T cell receptor-mediated signaling cascade.

Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 420:275-280(2012) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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