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Zbtb7c is a molecular 'off' and 'on' switch of Mmp gene transcription.

Jeon B.N., Yoon J.H., Kim M.K., Choi W.I., Koh D.I., Hur B., Kim K., Kim K.S., Hur M.W.

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are zinc-containing endopeptidases that play roles in cell proliferation, migration, differentiation, angiogenesis, and apoptosis. The expression of MMP gene is tightly regulated and shows cell- and tissue-specific expression patterns. Despite their differential expression, MMP genes have AP-1 (activator protein-1) binding elements within their promoters. Interestingly, c-JUN phosphorylation by cytokine signaling decreased its interaction with NCoR, but increased its interaction with p300, resulting in activation of MMP gene transcription. Here, we found that Zbtb7c (Kr-pok) is a critical component of a transcriptional repressor complex containing c-Jun and NCoR. c-Jun, bound at AP-1, interacts with Zbtb7c, which in turn recruits an NCoR/Hdac3 complex to repress several Mmp (-8, -10, -13, and -16) genes. The molecular interaction between c-Jun and Zbtb7c also prevents phosphorylation of c-Jun by p-Jnk, However, Zbtb7c phosphorylation by p-Jnk (induced by TNFα), and its (Zbtb7c) subsequent degradation by the ubiquitin-mediated proteasomal pathway, leads to c-Jun phosphorylation by p-Jnk. Promoter-bound p-c-Jun then recruits the coactivator p300 to upregulate Mmp gene. Overall, these findings show that Zbtb7c is a key molecule that recruits an NCoR/Hdac3 complex to inhibit phosphorylation of c-Jun, and thereby repress Mmp gene expression.

Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1859:1429-1439(2016) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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