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Multiple dual specificity protein tyrosine phosphatases are expressed and regulated differentially in liver cell lines.

Kwak S.P., Dixon J.E.

An emerging subclass of protein-tyrosine phosphatases (PTPases) exhibits sequence identity to the vaccinia H-1 (VH-1) gene product. These VH-1-like PTPases possess the canonical HCXAGXXR(S/T) sequence common to all PTPases, but unlike other PTPases they exhibit dual catalytic activity toward phosphotyrosine and nearby phosphothreonine residues in substrate proteins. We have isolated a novel VH-1-like PTPase, hVH-3, from the human placenta and compared various aspects of its expression with previously isolated members of this subfamily. The mammalian members of this subfamily including hVH-3 commonly localize to the nucleus and exhibit catalytic activity toward phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase. However, while the expression of some VH-1-like PTPases is extremely transient and independent of protein synthesis, hVH-3 expression is sustained over 3 h after being cell stimulated. Tissue-specific expression of hVH-3 is also distinct from other VH-1-like PTPases. Although VH-1-like PTPases have overlapping substrate specificity, there are differences in their mRNA regulation, response to extracellular stimuli, and tissue-specific expression, suggesting they serve specific roles in cellular function.

J. Biol. Chem. 270:1156-1160(1995) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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