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Recombinant rat nucleoside diphosphate kinase isoforms (alpha and beta): purification, properties and application to immunological detection of native isoforms in rat tissues.

Fukuchi T., Shimada N., Hanai N., Ishikawa N., Watanabe K., Kimura N.

We previously demonstrated that at least two isoforms of nucleoside diphosphate (NDP) kinase, the products of two different tandemly arrayed genes, are present in rat. To understand the physiological role of each isoform, some biochemical properties of recombinant rat NDP kinase alpha- and beta-isoforms, produced in large amount, were studied. cDNAs of the two isoforms were inserted in an expression vector pET3b and recombinant enzymes were overproduced in Escherichia coli. Their primary structures were different from the native enzymes in that the latter suffer from modification of the NH2-terminal end. The two recombinant isoforms were purified from the cell lysate to apparent homogeneity by ammonium sulfate fractionation followed by three successive column chromatographies. Despite their extreme similarity in the amino-acid sequences, the two showed somewhat different enzymic properties in terms of di- and triphosphate nucleotide substrate specificity. They showed similar mobilities on SDS-PAGE as expected from their calculated molecular weight (alpha-isoform, 17,283 versus beta-isoform, 17,192) but differed in isoelectric point (alpha-isoform, pI 6.7; beta-isoform, pI 7.8) and heat stability. Polyclonal antibody which reacted with both isoforms and alpha-isoform-specific monoclonal antibodies differentially recognized native enzymes from rat tissues after the tissue extracts were separated by isoelectric focusing gel electrophoresis under a denaturation condition. The results showed that the alpha-isoform, though its amount varied from one tissue to another, was the major form in rat tissues examined compared with the beta-isoform which was detectable in brain and testis. There was no preference in their subcellular localization when examined with myelin, synaptosomal supernatant and total homogenate fractions from the rat cerebrum and cerebellum.

Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1205:113-122(1994) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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