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Point mutation in the alpha-galactosidase A gene of atypical Fabry disease with only nephropathy.

Sawada K., Mizoguchi K., Hishida A., Kaneko E., Koide Y., Nishimura K., Kimura M.

A point mutation in exon 6 of the alpha-galactosidase A gene (alpha-GAL A) was found in a Japanese hemizygous male without typical manifestations of Fabry disease other than renal involvement. This 45-year-old man developed moderate proteinuria and was diagnosed with Fabry disease on the basis of renal histologic findings and prominent decreases in alpha-GAL A activity in his plasma, urine, leukocytes, and skin fibroblasts. Determination of the cDNA sequence of his alpha-GAL A gene revealed substitution of a G to A in codon 301, resulting in a glutamine rather than an arginine residue. Our case is unique in that this patient only demonstrated renal manifestations while all other reported patients with atypical Fabry disease, including a case with the identical point mutation, present with a cardiomyopathy. Direct DNA sequencing of exon 6 and measurement of alpha-GAL A activity among the patient's family confirmed that the mutation was transmitted from his mother.

Clin. Nephrol. 45:289-294(1996) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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