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cDNA cloning and characterization of the human interleukin 13 receptor alpha chain.

Aman M.J., Tayebi N., Obiri N.I., Puri R.K., Modi W.S., Leonard W.J.

We have cloned cDNAs corresponding to the human interleukin 13 receptor alpha chain (IL-13Ralpha). The protein has 76% homology to murine IL-13Ralpha, with 95% amino acid identity in the cytoplasmic domain. Only weak IL-13 binding activity was found in cells transfected with only IL-13Ralpha; however, the combination of both IL-13Ralpha and IL-4Ralpha resulted in substantial binding activity, with a Kd of approximately 400 pM, indicating that both chains are essential components of the IL-13 receptor. Whereas IL-13Ralpha serves as an alternative accessory protein to the common cytokine receptor gamma chain (gammac) for IL-4 signaling, it could not replace the function of gammac in allowing enhanced IL-2 binding activity. Nevertheless, the overall size and length of the cytoplasmic domain of IL-13Ralpha and gammac are similar, and like gammac, IL-13Ralpha is located on chromosome X.

J. Biol. Chem. 271:29265-29270(1996) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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