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Expression of a kinase-defective Eph-like receptor in the normal human brain.

Matsuoka H., Iwata N., Ito M., Shimoyama M., Nagata A., Chihara K., Takai S., Matsui T.

We have identified a human Eph-family protein, HEP, gene located in human chromosomal region 7q33-->q35. The deduced amino acid sequence shared primary structural properties of Eph-family receptor tyrosine kinases. However, six invariant amino acids such as a lysine in the ATP-binding site and an aspartic acid in the phosphotransfer site of a conserved catalytic domain were substituted with other amino acid residues in HEP. Thus, no intrinsic tyrosine kinase activity was detectable in the catalytic domain expressed in CHO-K1 cell transfectants. Although most kinase-defective mutants of growth factor receptors have been reported as pathogenic receptors, its transcript was abundantly expressed in normal human adult tissues. A 135-kDa HEP protein was expressed in the human brain as much as in CHO-K1 cells transfected with a HEP cDNA expression vector. HEP is the first description of a kinase-defective Eph-family protein expressed abundantly in normal human tissues.

Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 235:487-492(1997) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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