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T cell receptor (TCR) interacting molecule (TRIM), a novel disulfide-linked dimer associated with the TCR-CD3-zeta complex, recruits intracellular signaling proteins to the plasma membrane.

Bruyns E., Marie-Cardine A., Kirchgessner H., Sagolla K., Shevchenko A., Mann M., Autschbach F., Bensussan A., Meuer S., Schraven B.

The molecular mechanisms regulating recruitment of intracellular signaling proteins like growth factor receptor-bound protein 2 (Grb2), phospholipase Cgamma1, or phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-kinase) to the plasma membrane after stimulation of the T cell receptor (TCR)-CD3-zeta complex are not very well understood. We describe here purification, tandem mass spectrometry sequencing, molecular cloning, and biochemical characterization of a novel transmembrane adaptor protein which associates and comodulates with the TCR-CD3-zeta complex in human T lymphocytes and T cell lines. This protein was termed T cell receptor interacting molecule (TRIM). TRIM is a disulfide-linked homodimer which is comprised of a short extracellular domain of 8 amino acids, a 19-amino acid transmembrane region, and a 159-amino acid cytoplasmic tail. In its intracellular domain, TRIM contains several tyrosine-based signaling motifs that could be involved in SH2 domain-mediated protein-protein interactions. Indeed, after T cell activation, TRIM becomes rapidly phosphorylated on tyrosine residues and then associates with the 85-kD regulatory subunit of PI3-kinase via an YxxM motif. Thus, TRIM represents a TCR-associated transmembrane adaptor protein which is likely involved in targeting of intracellular signaling proteins to the plasma membrane after triggering of the TCR.

J. Exp. Med. 188:561-575(1998) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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