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Characterization of myocyte enhancer factor 2 (MEF2) expression in B and T cells: MEF2C is a B cell-restricted transcription factor in lymphocytes.

Swanson B.J., Jaeck H.-M., Lyons G.E.

Our studies examined the expression and DNA binding activity of myocyte enhancer factor 2 (MEF2A-D) transcription factors in lymphopoietic tissues, cell lines, and primary lymphocytes. Our analyses demonstrate that mef2C expression is restricted to B cells within the lymphocyte lineage. Using in situ hybridization, mef2C is detected in foci in fetal liver and postnatal thymic medulla, and both mef2B and mef2C are expressed in areas of the postnatal spleen and lymph node that also express kappa light chain (Ckappa), a B cell-specific marker. Reverse transcriptase-PCR (RT-PCR) analyses demonstrate that all mef2 family members are expressed in B cell lines, and all except mef2C are expressed in T cell lines. Immunoblot analyses of cell lines and primary thymic and splenic lymphocytes show that MEF2C and MEF2D proteins are expressed in B cells and that MEF2D is expressed in T cells; however, MEF2A protein is not detected in lymphocytes. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSA) demonstrate that B cell lines have MEF2C-containing, MEF2-specific DNA binding complexes whereas T cells do not. Our data is the first to describe mef2C expression in the lymphocyte lineage, and this finding suggests possible roles for MEF2C activity in B cell development and function.

Mol. Immunol. 35:445-458(1998) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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