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Overview

StatusReference proteome
Proteinsi <p>Number of protein entries associated with this proteome: UniProtKB entries for regular proteomes or UniParc entries for redundant proteomes (<a href="/help/proteome_redundancy">more...</a>)</p> 48,907
Gene counti <p>This is the total number of unique genes found in the proteome set, algorithmically computed. For each gene, a single representative protein sequence is chosen from the proteome. Where possible, reviewed (Swiss-Prot) protein sequences are chosen as the representatives.</p> - Download one protein sequence per gene (FASTA)
Proteome IDi <p>The proteome identifier (UPID) is the unique identifier assigned to the set of proteins that constitute the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a>. It consists of the characters ‘UP’ followed by 9 digits, is stable across releases and can therefore be used to cite a UniProt proteome.<p><a href='/help/proteome_id' target='_top'>More...</a></p>UP000059680
Taxonomy39947 - Oryza sativa subsp. japonica
Straincv. Nipponbare
Last modifiedAugust 12, 2019
Genome assembly and annotationi <p>Identifier for the genome assembly (<a href="https://www.ensembl.org/Help/Faq?id=216">more...</a>)</p> GCA_001433935.1 from ENA/EMBL

Oryza sativa (rice) is a monocotyledonous flowering plant of the family Poaceae and is one of the most important crop plants in the world, providing the principal food source for half of the world's population.

Oryza sativa subsp. japonica is one of three major subspecies of rice, the others being indica and javanica. Oryza sativa subsp. japonica is short-grained and high in amylopectin so that the grains stick together when cooked, which distinguishes it from subsp. indica which is long grained and not sticky.

Oryza sativa subsp. japonica is grown in dry fields, mainly in temperate or colder climates such as Japan.

Oryza sativa has a haploid chromosome number of 12, containing 370 Mb with about 36,000 protein-coding genes. Rice was an obvious choice for the first whole genome sequencing of a cereal crop. It is the smallest of the major cereal crop genomes and is the easiest to transform genetically. The cultivar sequenced from the japonica subspecies was Nipponbare (www.thericejournal.com/content/6/1/4/abstract).

Componentsi <p>Genomic components encoding the proteome</p>

Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Proteins
Chromosome 16667
Chromosome 25342
Chromosome 35763
Chromosome 44389
Chromosome 53909
Chromosome 63990
Chromosome 73755
Chromosome 83412
Chromosome 92794
Chromosome 102730
Chromosome 113201
Chromosome 122906
Mitochondrion60
Chloroplast83

Publications

  1. "The map-based sequence of the rice genome."
    Nature 2005:793-800(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  2. "The complete sequence of the rice (Oryza sativa L.) mitochondrial genome: frequent DNA sequence acquisition and loss during the evolution of flowering plants."
    Notsu Y., Masood S., Nishikawa T., Kubo N., Akiduki G., Nakazono M., Hirai A., Kadowaki K.
    Mol. Genet. Genomics 2002:434-445(2002) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
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