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Entry version 59 (05 Jun 2019)
Sequence version 1 (13 Nov 2007)
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Protein

Stimulator of interferon genes protein

Gene

tmem173

Organism
Xenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (Silurana tropicalis)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Sensor of cytosolic DNA from bacteria and viruses that promotes autophagy. Acts by recognizing and binding cyclic GMP-AMP (cGAMP), a messenger produced by CGAS in response to DNA in the cytosol (PubMed:26300263, PubMed:30842662). Following cGAMP-binding, promotes the formation of autophagosomes, leading to target cytosolic DNA for degradation by the lysosome (PubMed:30842662). Exhibits guanine base-specific ligand recognition. Binds 3'-3'linked cGAMP, 2'-3' linked cGAMP and 3'-3' linked c-di-GMP with much greater affinity as compared to 3'-3' linked c-di-AMP (PubMed:26300263). Lacks the C-terminal tail (CTT) found in other vertebrate orthologs which is essential for interferon signaling (PubMed:26300263).2 Publications

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei245Cyclic dinucleotideBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processAutophagy, Immunity, Innate immunity
LigandNucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-XTR-1834941 STING mediated induction of host immune responses
R-XTR-3134975 Regulation of innate immune responses to cytosolic DNA
R-XTR-3249367 STAT6-mediated induction of chemokines
R-XTR-3270619 IRF3-mediated induction of type I IFN
R-XTR-6798695 Neutrophil degranulation

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Stimulator of interferon genes protein1 Publication
Short name:
STING1 Publication
Alternative name(s):
Transmembrane protein 173Curated
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:tmem173By similarity
Synonyms:sting1 Publication
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiXenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (Silurana tropicalis)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri8364 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiAmphibiaBatrachiaAnuraPipoideaPipidaeXenopodinaeXenopusSilurana
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000008143 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unassembled WGS sequence

Organism-specific databases

Xenopus laevis and tropicalis biology and genomics resource

More...
Xenbasei
XB-GENE-5880492 tmem173

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini1 – 4CytoplasmicCurated4
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei5 – 25Helical; Name=1Sequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini26LumenalCurated1
Transmembranei27 – 52Helical; Name=2Sequence analysisAdd BLAST26
Topological domaini53 – 74CytoplasmicCuratedAdd BLAST22
Transmembranei75 – 88Helical; Name=3Sequence analysisAdd BLAST14
Topological domaini89 – 98LumenalCurated10
Transmembranei99 – 116Helical; Name=4Sequence analysisAdd BLAST18
Topological domaini117 – 329CytoplasmicCuratedAdd BLAST213

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Cytoplasmic vesicle, Endoplasmic reticulum, Membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003551811 – 329Stimulator of interferon genes proteinAdd BLAST329

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
A8E5V9

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer; forms a homodimer in absence of cyclic nucleotide (c-di-GMP or cGAMP). Homotetramer; in presence of cyclic nucleotide (c-di-GMP or cGAMP), forms tetramers and higher-order oligomers through side-by-side packing.

By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
8364.ENSXETP00000055434

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
A8E5V9

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni135 – 325Cyclic dinucleotide-binding domain (CBD)By similarityAdd BLAST191
Regioni144 – 149Cyclic dinucleotide bindingBy similarity6
Regioni220 – 223Cyclic dinucleotide bindingBy similarity4

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term ‘domain’ is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

In absence of cGAMP, the transmembrane and cytoplasmic regions interact to form an integrated, domain-swapped dimeric assembly (By similarity). In absence of cyclic nucleotide (c-di-GMP or cGAMP), the protein is autoinhibited by an intramolecular interaction between the cyclic dinucleotide-binding domain (CBD) and the C-terminal tail (CTT) (By similarity). Following cGAMP-binding, the cyclic dinucleotide-binding domain (CBD) is closed, leading to a 180 degrees rotation of the CBD domain relative to the transmembrane domain. This rotation is coupled to a conformational change in a loop on the side of the CBD dimer, which leads to the formation of the tmem173/sting tetramer and higher-order oligomers through side-by-side packing (By similarity).By similarity

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the TMEM173 family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG410IH2R Eukaryota
ENOG4111M85 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000076316

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
A8E5V9

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K12654

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
865174at2759

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd12146 STING_C, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.40.50.12100, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR029158 STING
IPR033952 STING_C
IPR038623 STING_C_sf

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR34339 PTHR34339, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF15009 TMEM173, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

A8E5V9-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MACVLAIGSI LFVWILGKGK YSGAQLIYRM ATNFAISQGC CLVTCACELT
60 70 80 90 100
EEIKHLHTRY NGHYWRALKA SFNLSCAAFV TAILCYVFYE PKLMASLPLT
110 120 130 140 150
IDITLTLLSW LFCWILGIQG PTPATISEIT EIKQLNVAHG LAWSYYVGYL
160 170 180 190 200
QFVLPALKES IQKFNEENHN LLKFPETCRL HILIPLSCRL YGDLKDVDEN
210 220 230 240 250
ITFLKEIPPL YIDRAGIKGR VFKNNVYRIL DEDGRPYNCI VEYATPLASL
260 270 280 290 300
LKMTDIPSAA FSADDRLQQT KLFYRTLKDI LENAHELQNT YRLIVYEDFP
310 320
ETKDHSRHLL SQEILKHIRQ QHSEEYSML
Length:329
Mass (Da):37,815
Last modified:November 13, 2007 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i66F389EB83EC7199
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
F6SQQ2F6SQQ2_XENTR
Stimulator of interferon genes prot...
tmem173
329Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC153736 mRNA Translation: AAI53737.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001106445.2, NM_001112974.1

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
100127621

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
xtr:100127621

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC153736 mRNA Translation: AAI53737.1
RefSeqiNP_001106445.2, NM_001112974.1

3D structure databases

SMRiA8E5V9
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi8364.ENSXETP00000055434

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiA8E5V9

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi100127621
KEGGixtr:100127621

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
340061
XenbaseiXB-GENE-5880492 tmem173

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410IH2R Eukaryota
ENOG4111M85 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000076316
InParanoidiA8E5V9
KOiK12654
OrthoDBi865174at2759

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-XTR-1834941 STING mediated induction of host immune responses
R-XTR-3134975 Regulation of innate immune responses to cytosolic DNA
R-XTR-3249367 STAT6-mediated induction of chemokines
R-XTR-3270619 IRF3-mediated induction of type I IFN
R-XTR-6798695 Neutrophil degranulation

Family and domain databases

CDDicd12146 STING_C, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.40.50.12100, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR029158 STING
IPR033952 STING_C
IPR038623 STING_C_sf
PANTHERiPTHR34339 PTHR34339, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF15009 TMEM173, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiSTING_XENTR
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A8E5V9
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 25, 2008
Last sequence update: November 13, 2007
Last modified: June 5, 2019
This is version 59 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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