Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.
Entry version 87 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 2 (15 Feb 2017)
Previous versions | rss
Help videoAdd a publicationFeedback
Protein

Cytochrome P450 27C1

Gene

cyp27c1

Organism
Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (Brachydanio rerio)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Efficiently catalyzes the conversion of all-trans retinol (also called vitamin A1, the precursor of 11-cis retinal) to 3,4-didehydroretinol (also called vitamin A2, the precursor of 11-cis 3,4-didehydroretinal). Also acts on all-trans retinal and all-trans retinoic acid. The replacement of 11-cis retinal chromophore in photopigments with 11-cis 3,4-didehydroretinal enhances sensitivity to long-wavelength light. This may improve vision in fresh water which is often turbid.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

hemeBy similarity

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Kineticsi

  1. KM=2.0 µM for all-trans retinol1 Publication
  2. KM=0.48 µM for retinal1 Publication
  3. KM=0.34 µM for retinoic acid1 Publication

    Sites

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi486Iron (heme axial ligand)By similarity1

    <p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

    <p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

    Molecular functionMonooxygenase, Oxidoreductase
    LigandHeme, Iron, Metal-binding

    <p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
    Recommended name:
    Cytochrome P450 27C1 (EC:1.14.19.531 Publication)
    Alternative name(s):
    All-trans retinol 3,4-desaturaseBy similarity
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
    Name:cyp27c1
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiDanio rerio (Zebrafish) (Brachydanio rerio)
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri7955 [NCBI]
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiActinopterygiiNeopterygiiTeleosteiOstariophysiCypriniformesCyprinidaeDanio
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
    • UP000000437 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 6

    Organism-specific databases

    Zebrafish Information Network genome database

    More...
    ZFINi
    ZDB-GENE-080204-68 cyp27c1

    <p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

    Keywords - Cellular componenti

    Membrane

    <p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

    <p>This subsection of the ‘Pathology and Biotech’ section describes the in vivo effects caused by ablation of the gene (or one or more transcripts) coding for the protein described in the entry. This includes gene knockout and knockdown, provided experiments have been performed in the context of a whole organism or a specific tissue, and not at the single-cell level.<p><a href='/help/disruption_phenotype' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disruption phenotypei

    Mutant fish survive to adulthood without overt developmental abnormalities. Upon treatment with L-thyroxine, the mutant fish eyes fail to produce any vitamin A2 and their photoreceptors fail to undergo a red-shift in sensitivity.1 Publication

    <p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

    Molecule processing

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004388581 – 540Cytochrome P450 27C1Add BLAST540

    Proteomic databases

    PeptideAtlas

    More...
    PeptideAtlasi
    A8WGA0

    <p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

    <p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

    Following L-thyroxine, expressed in the retinal pigment epithelium (at protein level).1 Publication

    <p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

    In the retinal pigment epithelium, up-regulated by L-thyroxine (at protein level).1 Publication

    Gene expression databases

    Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

    More...
    Bgeei
    ENSDARG00000092660 Expressed in 26 organ(s), highest expression level in gastrula

    <p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

    Protein-protein interaction databases

    STRING: functional protein association networks

    More...
    STRINGi
    7955.ENSDARP00000118349

    <p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

    3D structure databases

    SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

    More...
    SMRi
    A8WGA0

    Database of comparative protein structure models

    More...
    ModBasei
    Search...

    <p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

    <p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

    Belongs to the cytochrome P450 family.Curated

    Phylogenomic databases

    evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

    More...
    eggNOGi
    KOG0159 Eukaryota
    COG2124 LUCA

    Ensembl GeneTree

    More...
    GeneTreei
    ENSGT00950000182905

    The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

    More...
    HOGENOMi
    HOG000253961

    KEGG Orthology (KO)

    More...
    KOi
    K17951

    Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

    More...
    OMAi
    QWLKMRS

    Database of Orthologous Groups

    More...
    OrthoDBi
    481145at2759

    Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

    More...
    PhylomeDBi
    A8WGA0

    TreeFam database of animal gene trees

    More...
    TreeFami
    TF105094

    Family and domain databases

    Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

    More...
    Gene3Di
    1.10.630.10, 1 hit

    Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

    More...
    InterProi
    View protein in InterPro
    IPR001128 Cyt_P450
    IPR017972 Cyt_P450_CS
    IPR002401 Cyt_P450_E_grp-I
    IPR036396 Cyt_P450_sf

    Pfam protein domain database

    More...
    Pfami
    View protein in Pfam
    PF00067 p450, 1 hit

    Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

    More...
    PRINTSi
    PR00463 EP450I
    PR00385 P450

    Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

    More...
    SUPFAMi
    SSF48264 SSF48264, 1 hit

    PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

    More...
    PROSITEi
    View protein in PROSITE
    PS00086 CYTOCHROME_P450, 1 hit

    <p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

    A8WGA0-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
    « Hide
            10         20         30         40         50
    MALQSTILHM ARKNLLQESC RQLLIQTHGL HKSVASGSLE IAAHSQADLK
    60 70 80 90 100
    EESAVSPAEE VQKAARVKSL KEMPGPSTVA NLLEFFYRDG FSRIHEIQME
    110 120 130 140 150
    HAKKYGKIFK SRFGPQFVVS IADRDMVAQV LRSESATPQR GNMESWKEYR
    160 170 180 190 200
    DLRGRSTGLI SAEGDEWLKM RSVLRQLIMR PRDVAVFSSD VNDVVADLVK
    210 220 230 240 250
    RVKTLRSQQD DSQTVLNIND LFFKYAMEGV ATILYETRLG CLENEIPKMS
    260 270 280 290 300
    QEYITALHLM FSSFKTTMYA GAIPKWLRPI IPKPWEEFCS SWDGLFKFSQ
    310 320 330 340 350
    IHVDKRLSEI KKQMEKSEEI KGGLLTHMLV TREMNLEEIY ANMTEMLLAG
    360 370 380 390 400
    VDTTSFTLSW STYLLARHPT IQQQIFEEVD RVLGGRVPTG EDVPYLPLIR
    410 420 430 440 450
    GLVKETLRLF PVLPGNGRVT HDDLIVGGYL IPKGTQLALC HYSTSMDEEN
    460 470 480 490 500
    FPRPEEFRPD RWIRKDASDR VDNFGSIPFG YGIRSCIGRR IAELEMHLAL
    510 520 530 540
    TQLLQNFHIE VSPQTTEVHA KTHGLLCPGA SINLRFTDRK
    Length:540
    Mass (Da):61,492
    Last modified:February 15, 2017 - v2
    <p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iA73A0790A0BE7BDC
    GO

    <p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the protein sequence shown in the UniProtKB entry and other available protein sequences derived from the same gene.<p><a href='/help/sequence_caution' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence cautioni

    The sequence AAI54633 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation. Truncated N-terminus.Curated
    The sequence AAI71576 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation. Truncated N-terminus.Curated
    The sequence AAI71578 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation. Truncated N-terminus.Curated

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:

    EMBL nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    EMBLi

    GenBank nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    GenBanki

    DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    BX927387 Genomic DNA No translation available.
    BC154632 mRNA Translation: AAI54633.1 Different initiation.
    BC171576 mRNA Translation: AAI71576.1 Different initiation.
    BC171578 mRNA Translation: AAI71578.1 Different initiation.

    NCBI Reference Sequences

    More...
    RefSeqi
    NP_001106808.2, NM_001113337.2

    Genome annotation databases

    Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

    More...
    Ensembli
    ENSDART00000144335; ENSDARP00000118349; ENSDARG00000092660

    Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

    More...
    GeneIDi
    558396

    KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

    More...
    KEGGi
    dre:558396

    <p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

    <p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/cross_references_section">Cross-references</a> section provides links to various web resources that are relevant for a specific protein.<p><a href='/help/web_resource' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Web resourcesi

    Protein Spotlight

    Seeing through the murk - Issue 192 of June 2017

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:
    EMBLi
    GenBanki
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    BX927387 Genomic DNA No translation available.
    BC154632 mRNA Translation: AAI54633.1 Different initiation.
    BC171576 mRNA Translation: AAI71576.1 Different initiation.
    BC171578 mRNA Translation: AAI71578.1 Different initiation.
    RefSeqiNP_001106808.2, NM_001113337.2

    3D structure databases

    SMRiA8WGA0
    ModBaseiSearch...

    Protein-protein interaction databases

    STRINGi7955.ENSDARP00000118349

    Proteomic databases

    PeptideAtlasiA8WGA0

    Genome annotation databases

    EnsembliENSDART00000144335; ENSDARP00000118349; ENSDARG00000092660
    GeneIDi558396
    KEGGidre:558396

    Organism-specific databases

    Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

    More...
    CTDi
    339761
    ZFINiZDB-GENE-080204-68 cyp27c1

    Phylogenomic databases

    eggNOGiKOG0159 Eukaryota
    COG2124 LUCA
    GeneTreeiENSGT00950000182905
    HOGENOMiHOG000253961
    KOiK17951
    OMAiQWLKMRS
    OrthoDBi481145at2759
    PhylomeDBiA8WGA0
    TreeFamiTF105094

    Miscellaneous databases

    Protein Ontology

    More...
    PROi
    PR:A8WGA0

    Gene expression databases

    BgeeiENSDARG00000092660 Expressed in 26 organ(s), highest expression level in gastrula

    Family and domain databases

    Gene3Di1.10.630.10, 1 hit
    InterProiView protein in InterPro
    IPR001128 Cyt_P450
    IPR017972 Cyt_P450_CS
    IPR002401 Cyt_P450_E_grp-I
    IPR036396 Cyt_P450_sf
    PfamiView protein in Pfam
    PF00067 p450, 1 hit
    PRINTSiPR00463 EP450I
    PR00385 P450
    SUPFAMiSSF48264 SSF48264, 1 hit
    PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
    PS00086 CYTOCHROME_P450, 1 hit

    ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

    More...
    ProtoNeti
    Search...

    MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

    More...
    MobiDBi
    Search...

    <p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiC27C1_DANRE
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A8WGA0
    Secondary accession number(s): F1QMI2
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: February 15, 2017
    Last sequence update: February 15, 2017
    Last modified: December 11, 2019
    This is version 87 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

    <p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

    Keywords - Technical termi

    Reference proteome

    Documents

    1. SIMILARITY comments
      Index of protein domains and families
    2. Protein Spotlight
      Protein Spotlight articles and cited UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries
    UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
    Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

    We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

    Do not show this banner again