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Entry version 59 (31 Jul 2019)
Sequence version 2 (22 Nov 2017)
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Protein

Poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase

Gene

PARP1

Organism
Sus scrofa (Pig)
Status
Unreviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionGlycosyltransferaseUniRule annotation, Transferase
LigandNADUniRule annotation

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-SSC-110362 POLB-Dependent Long Patch Base Excision Repair
R-SSC-2173795 Downregulation of SMAD2/3:SMAD4 transcriptional activity
R-SSC-3108214 SUMOylation of DNA damage response and repair proteins
R-SSC-5685939 HDR through MMEJ (alt-NHEJ)
R-SSC-5696394 DNA Damage Recognition in GG-NER
R-SSC-5696395 Formation of Incision Complex in GG-NER
R-SSC-5696400 Dual Incision in GG-NER

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Poly [ADP-ribose] polymeraseUniRule annotation (EC:2.4.2.-UniRule annotation)
Short name:
PARPUniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:PARP1Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiSus scrofa (Pig)Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9823 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCetartiodactylaSuinaSuidaeSus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000008227 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 10

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
I3LDH3

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
I3LDH3

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
I3LDH3

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSSSCG00000023660 Expressed in 6 organ(s), highest expression level in prefrontal cortex

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
I3LDH3 SS

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9823.ENSSSCP00000022104

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini9 – 93PARP-typeInterPro annotationAdd BLAST85
Domaini113 – 203PARP-typeInterPro annotationAdd BLAST91
Domaini385 – 461BRCTInterPro annotationAdd BLAST77
Domaini651 – 768PARP alpha-helicalInterPro annotationAdd BLAST118
Domaini777 – 1003PARP catalyticInterPro annotationAdd BLAST227

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni198 – 233DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST36
Regioni360 – 388DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST29
Regioni492 – 520DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST29

Coiled coil

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section denotes the positions of regions of coiled coil within the protein.<p><a href='/help/coiled' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Coiled coili429 – 449Sequence analysisAdd BLAST21

Keywords - Domaini

Coiled coilSequence analysis

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1037 Eukaryota
ENOG410XP18 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000156058

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
I3LDH3

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
WNHASCI

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF316616

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.20.142.10, 1 hit
2.20.140.10, 1 hit
2.20.25.630, 1 hit
3.30.1740.10, 2 hits
3.40.50.10190, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR001357 BRCT_dom
IPR036420 BRCT_dom_sf
IPR012982 PADR1
IPR038650 PADR1_dom_sf
IPR008288 PARP
IPR012317 Poly(ADP-ribose)pol_cat_dom
IPR004102 Poly(ADP-ribose)pol_reg_dom
IPR036616 Poly(ADP-ribose)pol_reg_dom_sf
IPR036930 WGR_dom_sf
IPR008893 WGR_domain
IPR001510 Znf_PARP
IPR036957 Znf_PARP_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00533 BRCT, 1 hit
PF08063 PADR1, 1 hit
PF00644 PARP, 1 hit
PF02877 PARP_reg, 1 hit
PF05406 WGR, 1 hit
PF00645 zf-PARP, 2 hits

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF000489 NAD_ADPRT, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00292 BRCT, 1 hit
SM01335 PADR1, 1 hit
SM00773 WGR, 1 hit
SM01336 zf-PARP, 2 hits

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF142921 SSF142921, 1 hit
SSF47587 SSF47587, 1 hit
SSF52113 SSF52113, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50172 BRCT, 1 hit
PS51060 PARP_ALPHA_HD, 1 hit
PS51059 PARP_CATALYTIC, 1 hit
PS00347 PARP_ZN_FINGER_1, 1 hit
PS50064 PARP_ZN_FINGER_2, 2 hits

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

I3LDH3-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAESSDKLYR VEYAKSGRAS CKKCSESIPK DSLRMAIMVQ SPMFDGKVPH
60 70 80 90 100
WYHFSCFWKV GHAIRHPDIE VDGFSELRWD DQQKVKKTAE AGGVTGKGQD
110 120 130 140 150
GVGSKAEKTL GDFAAEYAKS NRSTCKGCME KIEKGHVRLS KKMLDPEKPQ
160 170 180 190 200
LGMIDRWYHP NCFVQNREEL GFRPEYSASQ LKGFSLLTAE DKEALKKQLP
210 220 230 240 250
GIKSEGKRKG DEVDGVDGVA KKKSKKEKDK ESKLEKALKA QNDLIWNIKD
260 270 280 290 300
ELKKVCSTND LKELLIFNKQ QVPSGESAIL DRVADGMVFG ALLPCEECSG
310 320 330 340 350
QLVFKSDAYY CTGDVTAWTK CMVKTQTPNR KEWVTPKEFR EITYLKKLKI
360 370 380 390 400
KKQDRIFPPE ASTPVATAPP PPAASAPTAV NSSAPPDKPL SNMKILTLGK
410 420 430 440 450
LSRNKDEVKA AIEKLGGKLT GTASKASLCV STKKEVDKMS KKMEEVKEAN
460 470 480 490 500
VRVVSEDFLQ DVSASTKSLQ ELLCTHILSP WGAEVKAEPV EAVAPRGKSG
510 520 530 540 550
GALPKKSKGP IREEGANKSE KRMKLTLKGG AAVDPDSGLE HSAHVLEKGG
560 570 580 590 600
KVFSATLGLV DIVKGTNSYY KLQLLEDDKE SRYWIFRSWG RVGTVIGSNK
610 620 630 640 650
LEQMPSKEDK TGNAWHSKNF TKYPKKFYPL EIDYGQDEEA VKKLTVNPGT
660 670 680 690 700
KSKLPKSVQE LIKMIFDVES MKKAMVEYEI DLQKMPLGKL SKRQIQAAYA
710 720 730 740 750
ILSEVQQAVS QGSSDSQILD LSNRFYTLIP HDFGMKKPPL LNNADSVQAK
760 770 780 790 800
VEMLDNLLDI EVAYSLLRGG SDDSSKDPID VNYEKLKTDI KVVDRDSEEA
810 820 830 840 850
ETIRKYVKNT HATTHNAYDL EVIDIFKIER EGESQRYKPF KQLHNRRLLW
860 870 880 890 900
HGSRTTNFAG ILSQGLRIAP PEAPVTGYMF GKGIYFADMV SKSANYCHTS
910 920 930 940 950
QGDPIGLILL GEVALGNMYE LKHASHISKL PKGKHSVKGL GKTTPDPAAS
960 970 980 990 1000
ITMDGVEVPL GTGIPSGVND TCLLYNEYIV YDIAQVNLKY LLKLKFNFKT

SLW
Length:1,003
Mass (Da):111,525
Last modified:November 22, 2017 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iC56DA22E4A22D404
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AEMK02000071 Genomic DNA No translation available.

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSSSCT00000028077; ENSSSCP00000022104; ENSSSCG00000023660

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AEMK02000071 Genomic DNA No translation available.

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

More...
SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9823.ENSSSCP00000022104

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiI3LDH3
PeptideAtlasiI3LDH3
PRIDEiI3LDH3

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSSSCT00000028077; ENSSSCP00000022104; ENSSSCG00000023660

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1037 Eukaryota
ENOG410XP18 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000156058
InParanoidiI3LDH3
OMAiWNHASCI
TreeFamiTF316616

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-SSC-110362 POLB-Dependent Long Patch Base Excision Repair
R-SSC-2173795 Downregulation of SMAD2/3:SMAD4 transcriptional activity
R-SSC-3108214 SUMOylation of DNA damage response and repair proteins
R-SSC-5685939 HDR through MMEJ (alt-NHEJ)
R-SSC-5696394 DNA Damage Recognition in GG-NER
R-SSC-5696395 Formation of Incision Complex in GG-NER
R-SSC-5696400 Dual Incision in GG-NER

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSSSCG00000023660 Expressed in 6 organ(s), highest expression level in prefrontal cortex
GenevisibleiI3LDH3 SS

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.20.142.10, 1 hit
2.20.140.10, 1 hit
2.20.25.630, 1 hit
3.30.1740.10, 2 hits
3.40.50.10190, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001357 BRCT_dom
IPR036420 BRCT_dom_sf
IPR012982 PADR1
IPR038650 PADR1_dom_sf
IPR008288 PARP
IPR012317 Poly(ADP-ribose)pol_cat_dom
IPR004102 Poly(ADP-ribose)pol_reg_dom
IPR036616 Poly(ADP-ribose)pol_reg_dom_sf
IPR036930 WGR_dom_sf
IPR008893 WGR_domain
IPR001510 Znf_PARP
IPR036957 Znf_PARP_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00533 BRCT, 1 hit
PF08063 PADR1, 1 hit
PF00644 PARP, 1 hit
PF02877 PARP_reg, 1 hit
PF05406 WGR, 1 hit
PF00645 zf-PARP, 2 hits
PIRSFiPIRSF000489 NAD_ADPRT, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00292 BRCT, 1 hit
SM01335 PADR1, 1 hit
SM00773 WGR, 1 hit
SM01336 zf-PARP, 2 hits
SUPFAMiSSF142921 SSF142921, 1 hit
SSF47587 SSF47587, 1 hit
SSF52113 SSF52113, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50172 BRCT, 1 hit
PS51060 PARP_ALPHA_HD, 1 hit
PS51059 PARP_CATALYTIC, 1 hit
PS00347 PARP_ZN_FINGER_1, 1 hit
PS50064 PARP_ZN_FINGER_2, 2 hits

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiI3LDH3_PIG
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: I3LDH3
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL: July 11, 2012
Last sequence update: November 22, 2017
Last modified: July 31, 2019
This is version 59 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiUnreviewed (UniProtKB/TrEMBL)

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Proteomics identificationCombined sources, Reference proteomeImported
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