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Entry version 154 (13 Nov 2019)
Sequence version 2 (01 Oct 1993)
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Protein

Excitatory amino acid transporter 2

Gene

Slc1a2

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Sodium-dependent, high-affinity amino acid transporter that mediates the uptake of L-glutamate and also L-aspartate and D-aspartate (PubMed:1448170, PubMed:7913472). Functions as a symporter that transports one amino acid molecule together with two or three Na+ ions and one proton, in parallel with the counter-transport of one K+ ion (PubMed:1448170). Mediates Cl- flux that is not coupled to amino acid transport; this avoids the accumulation of negative charges due to aspartate and Na+ symport (By similarity). Essential for the rapid removal of released glutamate from the synaptic cleft, and for terminating the postsynaptic action of glutamate (By similarity).By similarity2 Publications

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi392Sodium 1; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1
Metal bindingi394Sodium 2; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1
Metal bindingi396Sodium 1By similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei400AspartateBy similarity1
Binding sitei474AspartateBy similarity1
Metal bindingi481Sodium 1; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1
Binding sitei481AspartateBy similarity1
Metal bindingi485Sodium 1By similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processAmino-acid transport, Symport, Transport
LigandChloride, Metal-binding, Potassium, Sodium

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-RNO-210455 Astrocytic Glutamate-Glutamine Uptake And Metabolism
R-RNO-210500 Glutamate Neurotransmitter Release Cycle
R-RNO-425393 Transport of inorganic cations/anions and amino acids/oligopeptides

Protein family/group databases

Transport Classification Database

More...
TCDBi
2.A.23.2.2 the dicarboxylate/amino acid:cation (na(+) or h(+)) symporter (daacs) family

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Excitatory amino acid transporter 2
Alternative name(s):
GLT-12 Publications
Sodium-dependent glutamate/aspartate transporter 2
Short name:
GLUT-R
Solute carrier family 1 member 2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Slc1a2
Synonyms:Eaat2, Glt1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
3697 Slc1a2

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini1 – 44CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST44
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei45 – 64HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST20
Transmembranei88 – 108HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei121 – 142HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST22
Transmembranei235 – 258Helical; Name=4By similarityAdd BLAST24
Transmembranei268 – 295Helical; Name=5By similarityAdd BLAST28
Transmembranei317 – 338Helical; Name=6By similarityAdd BLAST22
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a region that is buried within a membrane, but does not cross it.<p><a href='/help/intramem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Intramembranei344 – 374Discontinuously helicalBy similarityAdd BLAST31
Transmembranei384 – 410Helical; Name=7By similarityAdd BLAST27
Intramembranei424 – 457Discontinuously helicalBy similarityAdd BLAST34
Transmembranei471 – 492Helical; Name=8By similarityAdd BLAST22

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Membrane

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology_and_biotech_section">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi298K → H or R: Normal transporter activity. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi298K → N or T: Reduced transporter activity. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi326H → N, T, K or R: No transporter activity. 1 Publication1

Chemistry databases

ChEMBL database of bioactive drug-like small molecules

More...
ChEMBLi
CHEMBL2900

IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY

More...
GuidetoPHARMACOLOGYi
869

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00002020631 – 573Excitatory amino acid transporter 2Add BLAST573

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei3PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei21PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei24PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei25PhosphoserineCombined sources1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position(s) and the type of covalently attached lipid group(s).<p><a href='/help/lipid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Lipidationi38S-palmitoyl cysteineBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi205N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi215N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Modified residuei505PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei520PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei531PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei533PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei538PhosphotyrosineBy similarity1
Modified residuei543PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei559PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei563PhosphoserineBy similarity1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Glycosylated.By similarity
Palmitoylation at Cys-38 is not required for correct subcellular localization, but is important for glutamate uptake activity.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Glycoprotein, Lipoprotein, Palmitate, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P31596

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P31596

PTM databases

CarbonylDB database of protein carbonylation sites

More...
CarbonylDBi
P31596

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
P31596

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
P31596

SwissPalm database of S-palmitoylation events

More...
SwissPalmi
P31596

UniCarbKB; an annotated and curated database of glycan structures

More...
UniCarbKBi
P31596

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Localized in brain and is highly enriched in the Purkinje cell layer in cerebellum.1 Publication

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homotrimer (By similarity).

Interacts with AJUBA (PubMed:11860269).

By similarity1 Publication

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
248124, 3 interactors

CORUM comprehensive resource of mammalian protein complexes

More...
CORUMi
P31596

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P31596, 1 interactor

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10116.ENSRNOP00000007604

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni361 – 363Aspartate bindingBy similarity3
Regioni441 – 445Aspartate bindingBy similarity5

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term ‘domain’ is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

Contains eight transmembrane regions plus two helical hairpins that dip into the membrane. These helical hairpin structures play an important role in the transport process. The first enters the membrane from the cytoplasmic side, the second one from the extracellular side. During the transport cycle, the regions involved in amino acid transport, and especially the helical hairpins, move vertically by about 15-18 Angstroms, alternating between exposure to the aqueous phase and reinsertion in the lipid bilayer. In contrast, the regions involved in trimerization do not move.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG3787 Eukaryota
COG1301 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000208776

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P31596

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K05613

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1184392at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P31596

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF315206

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.3860.10, 2 hits

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR001991 Na-dicarboxylate_symporter
IPR018107 Na-dicarboxylate_symporter_CS
IPR036458 Na:dicarbo_symporter_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00375 SDF, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF118215 SSF118215, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00713 NA_DICARBOXYL_SYMP_1, 1 hit
PS00714 NA_DICARBOXYL_SYMP_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequences (2+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry describes 2 <p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section lists the alternative protein sequences (isoforms) that can be generated from the same gene by a single or by the combination of up to four biological events (alternative promoter usage, alternative splicing, alternative initiation and ribosomal frameshifting). Additionally, this section gives relevant information on each alternative protein isoform.<p><a href='/help/alternative_products' target='_top'>More...</a></p> isoformsi produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket

This entry has 2 described isoforms and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Isoform Glt1 (identifier: P31596-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

This isoform has been chosen as the <div> <p><b>What is the canonical sequence?</b><p><a href='/help/canonical_and_isoforms' target='_top'>More...</a></p>canonicali sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MASTEGANNM PKQVEVRMHD SHLSSEEPKH RNLGMRMCDK LGKNLLLSLT
60 70 80 90 100
VFGVILGAVC GGLLRLAAPI HPDVVMLIAF PGDILMRMLK MLILPLIISS
110 120 130 140 150
LITGLSGLDA KASGRLGTRA MVYYMSTTII AAVLGVILVL AIHPGNPKLK
160 170 180 190 200
KQLGPGKKND EVSSLDAFLD LIRNLFPENL VQACFQQIQT VTKKVLVAPP
210 220 230 240 250
SEEANTTKAV ISLLNETMNE APEETKIVIK KGLEFKDGMN VLGLIGFFIA
260 270 280 290 300
FGIAMGKMGE QAKLMVEFFN ILNEIVMKLV IMIMWYSPLG IACLICGKII
310 320 330 340 350
AIKDLEVVAR QLGMYMITVI VGLIIHGGIF LPLIYFVVTR KNPFSFFAGI
360 370 380 390 400
FQAWITALGT ASSAGTLPVT FRCLEDNLGI DKRVTRFVLP VGATINMDGT
410 420 430 440 450
ALYEAVAAIF IAQMNGVILD GGQIVTVSLT ATLASIGAAS IPSAGLVTML
460 470 480 490 500
LILTAVGLPT EDISLLVAVD WLLDRMRTSV NVVGDSFGAG IVYHLSKSEL
510 520 530 540 550
DTIDSQHRMH EDIEMTKTQS VYDDTKNHRE SNSNQCVYAA HNSVVIDECK
560 570
VTLAANGKSA DCSVEEEPWK REK
Length:573
Mass (Da):62,106
Last modified:October 1, 1993 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i8C51D30954E00E7F
GO
Isoform Glt-1A (identifier: P31596-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     1-6: MASTEG → MVS

Show »
Length:570
Mass (Da):61,847
Checksum:i8231169B6B0F2F1E
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
G3V6R0G3V6R0_RAT
Amino acid transporter
Slc1a2
293Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the protein sequence shown in the UniProtKB entry and other available protein sequences derived from the same gene.<p><a href='/help/sequence_caution' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence cautioni

The sequence AAA93062 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation.Curated

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti521V → I in AAA93061 (Ref. 3) Curated1
Sequence conflicti521V → I in AAA93062 (Ref. 3) Curated1

Alternative sequence

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section describes the sequence of naturally occurring alternative protein isoform(s). The changes in the amino acid sequence may be due to alternative splicing, alternative promoter usage, alternative initiation, or ribosomal frameshifting.<p><a href='/help/var_seq' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Alternative sequenceiVSP_0062661 – 6MASTEG → MVS in isoform Glt-1A. 1 Publication6

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
X67857 mRNA Translation: CAA48042.1 Sequence problems.
U15098 mRNA Translation: AAA93061.1
U15098 mRNA Translation: AAA93062.1 Different initiation.
AF297648 mRNA Translation: AAG13411.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S28901

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001289018.1, NM_001302089.1
NP_058911.2, NM_017215.2

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
29482

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:29482

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
RGD:3697 rat [P31596-1]

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X67857 mRNA Translation: CAA48042.1 Sequence problems.
U15098 mRNA Translation: AAA93061.1
U15098 mRNA Translation: AAA93062.1 Different initiation.
AF297648 mRNA Translation: AAG13411.1
PIRiS28901
RefSeqiNP_001289018.1, NM_001302089.1
NP_058911.2, NM_017215.2

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

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ModBasei
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SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

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SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi248124, 3 interactors
CORUMiP31596
IntActiP31596, 1 interactor
STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000007604

Chemistry databases

ChEMBLiCHEMBL2900
GuidetoPHARMACOLOGYi869

Protein family/group databases

TCDBi2.A.23.2.2 the dicarboxylate/amino acid:cation (na(+) or h(+)) symporter (daacs) family

PTM databases

CarbonylDBiP31596
iPTMnetiP31596
PhosphoSitePlusiP31596
SwissPalmiP31596
UniCarbKBiP31596

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP31596
PRIDEiP31596

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi29482
KEGGirno:29482
UCSCiRGD:3697 rat [P31596-1]

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

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CTDi
6506
RGDi3697 Slc1a2

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3787 Eukaryota
COG1301 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000208776
InParanoidiP31596
KOiK05613
OrthoDBi1184392at2759
PhylomeDBiP31596
TreeFamiTF315206

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-RNO-210455 Astrocytic Glutamate-Glutamine Uptake And Metabolism
R-RNO-210500 Glutamate Neurotransmitter Release Cycle
R-RNO-425393 Transport of inorganic cations/anions and amino acids/oligopeptides

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

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PROi
PR:P31596

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.3860.10, 2 hits
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001991 Na-dicarboxylate_symporter
IPR018107 Na-dicarboxylate_symporter_CS
IPR036458 Na:dicarbo_symporter_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00375 SDF, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF118215 SSF118215, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00713 NA_DICARBOXYL_SYMP_1, 1 hit
PS00714 NA_DICARBOXYL_SYMP_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

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ProtoNeti
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MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

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MobiDBi
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<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiEAA2_RAT
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P31596
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 1, 1993
Last sequence update: October 1, 1993
Last modified: November 13, 2019
This is version 154 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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