Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.
Entry version 167 (18 Sep 2019)
Sequence version 2 (25 Oct 2002)
Previous versions | rss
Help videoAdd a publicationFeedback
Protein

Potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily B member 1

Gene

KCNB1

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Voltage-gated potassium channel that mediates transmembrane potassium transport in excitable membranes, primarily in the brain, but also in the pancreas and cardiovascular system. Contributes to the regulation of the action potential (AP) repolarization, duration and frequency of repetitive AP firing in neurons, muscle cells and endocrine cells and plays a role in homeostatic attenuation of electrical excitability throughout the brain (PubMed:23161216). Plays also a role in the regulation of exocytosis independently of its electrical function (By similarity). Forms tetrameric potassium-selective channels through which potassium ions pass in accordance with their electrochemical gradient. The channel alternates between opened and closed conformations in response to the voltage difference across the membrane. Homotetrameric channels mediate a delayed-rectifier voltage-dependent outward potassium current that display rapid activation and slow inactivation in response to membrane depolarization (PubMed:8081723, PubMed:1283219, PubMed:10484328, PubMed:12560340, PubMed:19074135, PubMed:19717558, PubMed:24901643). Can form functional homotetrameric and heterotetrameric channels that contain variable proportions of KCNB2; channel properties depend on the type of alpha subunits that are part of the channel (By similarity). Can also form functional heterotetrameric channels with other alpha subunits that are non-conducting when expressed alone, such as KCNF1, KCNG1, KCNG3, KCNG4, KCNH1, KCNH2, KCNS1, KCNS2, KCNS3 and KCNV1, creating a functionally diverse range of channel complexes (PubMed:10484328, PubMed:11852086, PubMed:12060745, PubMed:19074135, PubMed:19717558, PubMed:24901643). Heterotetrameric channel activity formed with KCNS3 show increased current amplitude with the threshold for action potential activation shifted towards more negative values in hypoxic-treated pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (By similarity). Channel properties are also modulated by cytoplasmic ancillary beta subunits such as AMIGO1, KCNE1, KCNE2 and KCNE3, slowing activation and inactivation rate of the delayed rectifier potassium channels (By similarity). In vivo, membranes probably contain a mixture of heteromeric potassium channel complexes, making it difficult to assign currents observed in intact tissues to any particular potassium channel family member. Major contributor to the slowly inactivating delayed-rectifier voltage-gated potassium current in neurons of the central nervous system, sympathetic ganglion neurons, neuroendocrine cells, pancreatic beta cells, cardiomyocytes and smooth muscle cells. Mediates the major part of the somatodendritic delayed-rectifier potassium current in hippocampal and cortical pyramidal neurons and sympathetic superior cervical ganglion (CGC) neurons that acts to slow down periods of firing, especially during high frequency stimulation. Plays a role in the induction of long-term potentiation (LTP) of neuron excitability in the CA3 layer of the hippocampus (By similarity). Contributes to the regulation of glucose-induced action potential amplitude and duration in pancreatic beta cells, hence limiting calcium influx and insulin secretion (PubMed:23161216). Plays a role in the regulation of resting membrane potential and contraction in hypoxia-treated pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells. May contribute to the regulation of the duration of both the action potential of cardiomyocytes and the heart ventricular repolarization QT interval. Contributes to the pronounced pro-apoptotic potassium current surge during neuronal apoptotic cell death in response to oxidative injury. May confer neuroprotection in response to hypoxia/ischemic insults by suppressing pyramidal neurons hyperexcitability in hippocampal and cortical regions (By similarity). Promotes trafficking of KCNG3, KCNH1 and KCNH2 to the cell surface membrane, presumably by forming heterotetrameric channels with these subunits (PubMed:12060745). Plays a role in the calcium-dependent recruitment and release of fusion-competent vesicles from the soma of neurons, neuroendocrine and glucose-induced pancreatic beta cells by binding key components of the fusion machinery in a pore-independent manner (By similarity).By similarity10 Publications

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Inhibited by 12.7 nM stromatoxin 1 (ScTx1), a spider venom toxin of the tarantula S.calceata (PubMed:14565763). Inhibited by 42 nM hanatoxin 1 (HaTx1), a spider venom toxin of the tarantula G.spatulata (PubMed:14565763). Modestly sensitive to millimolar levels of tetraethylammonium (TEA) (PubMed:8081723, PubMed:1283219). Modestly sensitive to millimolar levels of 4-aminopyridine (4-AP). Completely insensitive to toxins such as dendrotoxin (DTX) and charybdotoxin (CTX) (By similarity).By similarity2 Publications3 Publications

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Kineticsi

Homotetrameric channels expressed in xenopus oocytes or in mammalian non-neuronal cells display delayed-rectifier voltage-dependent potassium currents which are activated during membrane depolarization, i.e within a risetime of about 20 msec (PubMed:8081723, PubMed:1283219). After that, inactivate very slowly, i.e within more than 5 sec (PubMed:8081723, PubMed:1283219). Their activation requires low threshold potentials of about -20 to -30 mV, with a midpoint activation at about 10 mV. For inactivation, the voltage at half-maximal amplitude is about -20 mV (PubMed:11852086). The time constant for recovery after inactivation is about 1.6 sec. Channels have an unitary conductance of about 8 pS (PubMed:10484328). The voltage-dependence of activation and inactivation and other channel characteristics vary depending on the experimental conditions, the expression system, the presence or absence of ancillary subunits and post-translational modifications.2 Publications4 Publications

      <p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

      GO - Biological processi

      <p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

      Molecular functionIon channel, Potassium channel, Voltage-gated channel
      Biological processExocytosis, Ion transport, Potassium transport, Transport
      LigandPotassium

      Enzyme and pathway databases

      Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

      More...
      Reactomei
      R-HSA-1296072 Voltage gated Potassium channels
      R-HSA-381676 Glucagon-like Peptide-1 (GLP1) regulates insulin secretion

      SIGNOR Signaling Network Open Resource

      More...
      SIGNORi
      Q14721

      Protein family/group databases

      Transport Classification Database

      More...
      TCDBi
      1.A.1.2.11 the voltage-gated ion channel (vic) superfamily

      <p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

      <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
      Recommended name:
      Potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily B member 1Imported
      Alternative name(s):
      Delayed rectifier potassium channel 11 Publication
      Short name:
      DRK11 Publication
      Short name:
      h-DRK11 Publication
      Voltage-gated potassium channel subunit Kv2.11 Publication
      <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
      Name:KCNB1Imported
      <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
      <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
      <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
      <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
      • UP000005640 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 20

      Organism-specific databases

      Human Gene Nomenclature Database

      More...
      HGNCi
      HGNC:6231 KCNB1

      Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM)

      More...
      MIMi
      600397 gene

      neXtProt; the human protein knowledge platform

      More...
      neXtProti
      NX_Q14721

      <p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

      Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

      Topology

      Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
      <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini1 – 186CytoplasmicBy similarityAdd BLAST186
      <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei187 – 208Helical; Name=Segment S1By similarityAdd BLAST22
      Topological domaini209 – 228ExtracellularBy similarityAdd BLAST20
      Transmembranei229 – 250Helical; Name=Segment S2By similarityAdd BLAST22
      Topological domaini251 – 259CytoplasmicBy similarity9
      Transmembranei260 – 280Helical; Name=Segment S3By similarityAdd BLAST21
      Topological domaini281 – 294ExtracellularBy similarityAdd BLAST14
      Transmembranei295 – 316Helical; Voltage-sensor; Name=Segment S4By similarityAdd BLAST22
      Topological domaini317 – 330CytoplasmicBy similarityAdd BLAST14
      Transmembranei331 – 351Helical; Name=Segment S5By similarityAdd BLAST21
      Topological domaini352 – 364ExtracellularBy similarityAdd BLAST13
      <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a region that is buried within a membrane, but does not cross it.<p><a href='/help/intramem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Intramembranei365 – 376Helical; Name=Pore helixBy similarityAdd BLAST12
      Intramembranei377 – 384By similarity8
      Topological domaini385 – 391ExtracellularBy similarity7
      Transmembranei392 – 420Helical; Name=Segment S6By similarityAdd BLAST29
      Topological domaini421 – 858CytoplasmicBy similarityAdd BLAST438

      Keywords - Cellular componenti

      Cell junction, Cell membrane, Cell projection, Membrane, Postsynaptic cell membrane, Synapse, Synaptosome

      <p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

      <p>This subsection of the ‘Pathology and Biotech’ section provides information on the disease(s) associated with genetic variations in a given protein. The information is extracted from the scientific literature and diseases that are also described in the <a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?db=omim">OMIM</a> database are represented with a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/diseases">controlled vocabulary</a> in the following way:<p><a href='/help/involvement_in_disease' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Involvement in diseasei

      Epileptic encephalopathy, early infantile, 26 (EIEE26)3 Publications
      The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
      Disease descriptionA form of epileptic encephalopathy, a heterogeneous group of severe childhood onset epilepsies characterized by refractory seizures, neurodevelopmental impairment, and poor prognosis. Development is normal prior to seizure onset, after which cognitive and motor delays become apparent. EIEE26 patients manifest multiple types of seizures, delayed psychomotor development, poor or absent speech, hypotonia, hypsarrhythmia.
      Related information in OMIM
      Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
      <p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section describes natural variant(s) of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/variant' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Natural variantiVAR_075573306R → C in EIEE26; reduces sensitivity and cooperativity of the voltage sensor for channel opening and greatly suppresses repetitive firing in cultured cortical neurons. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs1555889130EnsemblClinVar.1
      Natural variantiVAR_071991347S → R in EIEE26; inhibits ion selectivity and gain of a depolarizing inward cation conductance; trafficks normally to the cell surface. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs587777848EnsemblClinVar.1
      Natural variantiVAR_071992374T → I in EIEE26; inhibits ion selectivity and gain of a depolarizing inward cation conductance; trafficks normally to the cell surface. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs587777849EnsemblClinVar.1
      Natural variantiVAR_075574378V → A in EIEE26; change in the ion selectivity from potassium-selective to nonselective cation channels and significant decrease in cell membrane localization. 1 Publication1
      Natural variantiVAR_071993379G → R in EIEE26; inhibits ion selectivity and gain of a depolarizing inward cation conductance; trafficks normally to the cell surface. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs587777850EnsemblClinVar.1
      Natural variantiVAR_075575401G → R in EIEE26; dominant-negative mutation resulting in loss of endogenous channel currents and greatly suppresses repetitive firing in cultured cortical neurons. 1 Publication1

      Mutagenesis

      Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
      <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology_and_biotech_section">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi71E → Q: No effect on channel activity. 1 Publication1
      Mutagenesisi74D → R: Reduces interaction with KCNG1 and self-interaction and impairs plasma membrane subcellular localization, homotetramerization and hetetrotetramerization with KCNG4; when associated with R-75. 2 Publications1
      Mutagenesisi75D → R: Reduces interaction with KCNG1 and self-interaction and impairs plasma membrane subcellular localization, homotetramerization and hetetrotetramerization with KCNG4; when associated with R-74. 2 Publications1
      Mutagenesisi79D → E: Increases channel activity. 1 Publication1
      Mutagenesisi105H → V or R: Reduces channel activity. Inhibits interaction with KCNG4. Impairs hetetrotetramerization with KCNG1, KCNG3 or KCNG4. Does not impair homotetramerization. 1 Publication1

      Keywords - Diseasei

      Disease mutation, Epilepsy

      Organism-specific databases

      DisGeNET

      More...
      DisGeNETi
      3745

      MalaCards human disease database

      More...
      MalaCardsi
      KCNB1
      MIMi616056 phenotype

      Open Targets

      More...
      OpenTargetsi
      ENSG00000158445

      Orphanet; a database dedicated to information on rare diseases and orphan drugs

      More...
      Orphaneti
      442835 Undetermined early-onset epileptic encephalopathy

      The Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics Knowledge Base

      More...
      PharmGKBi
      PA209

      Chemistry databases

      ChEMBL database of bioactive drug-like small molecules

      More...
      ChEMBLi
      CHEMBL2363000

      Drug and drug target database

      More...
      DrugBanki
      DB06637 Dalfampridine

      IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY

      More...
      GuidetoPHARMACOLOGYi
      546

      Polymorphism and mutation databases

      BioMuta curated single-nucleotide variation and disease association database

      More...
      BioMutai
      KCNB1

      Domain mapping of disease mutations (DMDM)

      More...
      DMDMi
      24418854

      <p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

      Molecule processing

      Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
      <p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000540421 – 858Potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily B member 1Add BLAST858

      Amino acid modifications

      Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
      <p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei15PhosphoserineBy similarity1
      Modified residuei128Phosphotyrosine; by SrcBy similarity1
      Modified residuei444PhosphoserineBy similarity1
      Modified residuei457PhosphoserineBy similarity1
      <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section describes <strong>covalent linkages</strong> of various types formed <strong>between two proteins (interchain cross-links)</strong> or <strong>between two parts of the same protein (intrachain cross-links)</strong>, except the disulfide bonds that are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/disulfid">'Disulfide bond'</a> subsection.<p><a href='/help/crosslnk' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-linki474Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in SUMO)By similarity
      Modified residuei484PhosphoserineBy similarity1
      Modified residuei496PhosphoserineBy similarity1
      Modified residuei503PhosphoserineBy similarity1
      Modified residuei519PhosphoserineBy similarity1
      Modified residuei520Phosphoserine; by CDK5; in vitroBy similarity1
      Modified residuei541PhosphoserineBy similarity1
      Modified residuei567PhosphoserineBy similarity1
      Modified residuei590PhosphoserineBy similarity1
      Modified residuei607Phosphoserine; by CDK5By similarity1
      Modified residuei656Phosphoserine; by CDK5; in vitroBy similarity1
      Modified residuei720PhosphoserineBy similarity1
      Modified residuei772PhosphoserineBy similarity1
      Modified residuei800PhosphoserineBy similarity1
      Modified residuei805Phosphoserine; by CDK5, MAPK14; in vitroBy similarity1

      <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

      Phosphorylated. Differential C-terminal phosphorylation on a subset of serines allows graded activity-dependent regulation of channel gating in hippocampal neurons. Ser-607 and Tyr-128 are significant sites of voltage-gated regulation through phosphorylation/dephosphorylation activities. Tyr-128 can be phosphorylated by Src and dephosphorylated by cytoplasmic form of the phosphatase PTPRE. CDK5-induced Ser-607 phosphorylation increases in response to acute blockade of neuronal activity. Phosphorylated on Tyr-128 by Src and on Ser-805 by MAPK14/P38MAPK; phosphorylations are necessary and sufficient for an increase in plasma membrane insertion, apoptotic potassium current surge and completion of the neuronal cell death program. Phosphorylated on Ser-520, Ser-607, Ser-656 and Ser-805 by CDK5; phosphorylation is necessary for KCNB1 channel clustering formation. The Ser-607 phosphorylation state differs between KCNB1-containing clusters on the proximal and distal portions of the axon initial segment (AIS). Highly phosphorylated on serine residues in the C-terminal cytoplasmic tail in resting neurons. Phosphorylated in pancreatic beta cells in response to incretin hormones stimulation in a PKA- and RPS6KA5/MSK1-dependent signaling pathway, promoting beta cell survival. Phosphorylation on Ser-567 is reduced during postnatal development with low levels at P2 and P5; levels then increase to reach adult levels by P14. Phosphorylation on Ser-457, Ser-541, Ser-567, Ser-607, Ser-656 and Ser-720 as well as the N-terminal Ser-15 are sensitive to calcineurin-mediated dephosphorylation contributing to the modulation of the voltage-dependent gating properties. Dephosphorylation by phosphatase PTPRE confers neuroprotection by its inhibitory influence on the neuronal apoptotic potassium current surge in a Zn2+-dependent manner. Dephosphorylated at Ser-607 by protein phosphatase PPP1CA. Hypoxia-, seizure- or glutamate-induced neuronal activity promote calcium/calcineurin-dependent dephosphorylation resulting in a loss of KCNB1-containing clustering and enhanced channel activity. In response to brain ischemia, Ser-567 and Ser-607 are strongly dephosphorylated while Ser-457 and Ser-720 are less dephosphorylated. In response to brain seizures, phosphorylation levels on Ser-567 and Ser-607 are greatly reduced. Phosphorylated/dephosphorylated by Src or FYN tyrosine-protein kinases and tyrosine phosphatase PTPRE in primary Schwann cells and sciatic nerve tissue (By similarity).By similarity
      Acetylated. Acetylation occurs in pancreatic beta cells in response to stimulation by incretin hormones in a histone acetyltransferase (HAT)/histone deacetylase (HDAC)-dependent signaling pathway, promoting beta cell survival.By similarity
      Sumoylated on Lys-474, preferentially with SUMO1; sumoylation induces a positive shift in the voltage-dependence of activation and inhibits channel activity (PubMed:19223394). Sumoylation increases the frequency of repetitive action potential firing at the cell surface of hippocampal neurons and decreases its frequency in pancreatic beta cells (PubMed:19223394). Desumoylated by SENP1 (PubMed:19223394).1 Publication

      Keywords - PTMi

      Isopeptide bond, Phosphoprotein, Ubl conjugation

      Proteomic databases

      jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

      More...
      jPOSTi
      Q14721

      MassIVE - Mass Spectrometry Interactive Virtual Environment

      More...
      MassIVEi
      Q14721

      MaxQB - The MaxQuant DataBase

      More...
      MaxQBi
      Q14721

      PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

      More...
      PaxDbi
      Q14721

      PeptideAtlas

      More...
      PeptideAtlasi
      Q14721

      PRoteomics IDEntifications database

      More...
      PRIDEi
      Q14721

      ProteomicsDB human proteome resource

      More...
      ProteomicsDBi
      60144

      2D gel databases

      USC-OGP 2-DE database

      More...
      OGPi
      Q14721

      PTM databases

      iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

      More...
      iPTMneti
      Q14721

      Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

      More...
      PhosphoSitePlusi
      Q14721

      <p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

      <p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

      Expressed in neocortical pyramidal cells (PubMed:24477962). Expressed in pancreatic beta cells (at protein level) (PubMed:12403834, PubMed:14988243). Expressed in brain, heart, lung, liver, colon, kidney and adrenal gland (PubMed:19074135). Expressed in the cortex, amygdala, cerebellum, pons, thalamus, hypothalamus, hippocampus and substantia nigra (PubMed:19074135).4 Publications

      Gene expression databases

      Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

      More...
      Bgeei
      ENSG00000158445 Expressed in 188 organ(s), highest expression level in frontal cortex

      ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

      More...
      ExpressionAtlasi
      Q14721 baseline and differential

      Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

      More...
      Genevisiblei
      Q14721 HS

      Organism-specific databases

      Human Protein Atlas

      More...
      HPAi
      CAB001979
      HPA042434

      <p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

      <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

      Homotetramer or heterotetramer with KCNB2 (PubMed:8081723, PubMed:1283219). Heterotetramer with non-conducting channel-forming alpha subunits such as KCNF1, KCNG1, KCNG3, KCNG4, KCNH1, KCNH2, KCNS1, KCNS2, KCNS3 and KCNV1 (PubMed:10484328, PubMed:11852086, PubMed:12060745, PubMed:19357235, PubMed:19074135, PubMed:19717558, PubMed:24901643). Channel activity is regulated by association with ancillary beta subunits such as AMIGO1, KCNE1, KCNE2 and KCNE3 (By similarity). Self-associates (via N-terminus and C-terminus) (PubMed:12560340, PubMed:24901643); self-association is required to regulate trafficking, gating and C-terminal phosphorylation-dependent modulation of the channel (By similarity).

      Interacts (via C-terminus) with STX1A (via C-terminus); this decreases the rate of channel activation and increases the rate of channel inactivation in pancreatic beta cells, induces also neuronal apoptosis in response to oxidative injury as well as pore-independent enhancement of exocytosis in neuroendocrine cells, chromaffin cells, pancreatic beta cells and from the soma of dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons.

      Interacts (via N-terminus) with SNAP25; this decreases the rate of channel inactivation in pancreatic beta cells and also increases interaction during neuronal apoptosis in a N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR)-dependent manner.

      Interacts (via N-terminus and C-terminus) with VAMP2 (via N-terminus); stimulates channel inactivation rate.

      Interacts with CREB1; this promotes channel acetylation in response to stimulation of incretin hormones.

      Interacts (via N-terminus and C-terminus) with MYL12B.

      Interacts (via N-terminus) with PIAS3; this increases the number of functional channels at the cell surface (By similarity).

      Interacts with SUMO1 (PubMed:19223394).

      Interacts (via phosphorylated form) with PTPRE; this reduces phosphorylation and channel activity in heterologous cells (By similarity).

      By similarity11 Publications

      GO - Molecular functioni

      Protein-protein interaction databases

      The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

      More...
      BioGridi
      109947, 17 interactors

      CORUM comprehensive resource of mammalian protein complexes

      More...
      CORUMi
      Q14721

      Protein interaction database and analysis system

      More...
      IntActi
      Q14721, 2 interactors

      STRING: functional protein association networks

      More...
      STRINGi
      9606.ENSP00000360806

      Chemistry databases

      BindingDB database of measured binding affinities

      More...
      BindingDBi
      Q14721

      <p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

      Region

      Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
      <p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni59 – 75Self-associationBy similarityAdd BLAST17
      Regioni448 – 481Self-associationBy similarityAdd BLAST34

      Motif

      Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
      <p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a short (usually not more than 20 amino acids) conserved sequence motif of biological significance.<p><a href='/help/motif' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Motifi377 – 382Selectivity filterBy similarity6

      Compositional bias

      Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
      <p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes the position of regions of compositional bias within the protein and the particular amino acids that are over-represented within those regions.<p><a href='/help/compbias' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Compositional biasi517 – 520Poly-Ser4
      Compositional biasi701 – 706Poly-Ala6

      <p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term ‘domain’ is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

      The transmembrane segment S4 functions as voltage-sensor and is characterized by a series of positively charged amino acids at every third position. Channel opening and closing is effected by a conformation change that affects the position and orientation of the voltage-sensor paddle formed by S3 and S4 within the membrane. A transmembrane electric field that is positive inside would push the positively charged S4 segment outwards, thereby opening the pore, while a field that is negative inside would pull the S4 segment inwards and close the pore. Changes in the position and orientation of S4 are then transmitted to the activation gate formed by the inner helix bundle via the S4-S5 linker region.By similarity
      The N-terminal and C-terminal cytoplasmic regions mediate homooligomerization; self-association is required to regulate trafficking, gating and C-terminal phosphorylation-dependent modulation of the channel (PubMed:11852086, PubMed:12060745, PubMed:12560340, PubMed:19074135, PubMed:24901643). The N-terminal cytoplasmic region is important for interaction with other channel-forming alpha subunits and with ancillary beta subunits (PubMed:24901643). The C-terminus is necessary and sufficient for the restricted localization to, and clustering within, both in soma and proximal portions of dendrite of neurons and in lateral membrane of non-neuronal polarized cells. The C-terminus is both necessary and sufficient as a mediator of cholinergic and calcium-stimulated modulation of channel cell membrane clustering localization and activity in hippocampal neurons (By similarity).By similarity5 Publications

      <p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

      Keywords - Domaini

      Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

      Phylogenomic databases

      evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

      More...
      eggNOGi
      KOG3713 Eukaryota
      COG1226 LUCA

      Ensembl GeneTree

      More...
      GeneTreei
      ENSGT00940000154899

      The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

      More...
      HOGENOMi
      HOG000113206

      InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

      More...
      InParanoidi
      Q14721

      KEGG Orthology (KO)

      More...
      KOi
      K04885

      Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

      More...
      OMAi
      EAGIHQY

      Database of Orthologous Groups

      More...
      OrthoDBi
      203440at2759

      Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

      More...
      PhylomeDBi
      Q14721

      TreeFam database of animal gene trees

      More...
      TreeFami
      TF313103

      Family and domain databases

      Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

      More...
      Gene3Di
      1.20.120.350, 1 hit

      Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

      More...
      InterProi
      View protein in InterPro
      IPR000210 BTB/POZ_dom
      IPR005821 Ion_trans_dom
      IPR003968 K_chnl_volt-dep_Kv
      IPR003973 K_chnl_volt-dep_Kv2
      IPR004350 K_chnl_volt-dep_Kv2.1
      IPR011333 SKP1/BTB/POZ_sf
      IPR003131 T1-type_BTB
      IPR028325 VG_K_chnl
      IPR027359 Volt_channel_dom_sf

      The PANTHER Classification System

      More...
      PANTHERi
      PTHR11537 PTHR11537, 1 hit

      Pfam protein domain database

      More...
      Pfami
      View protein in Pfam
      PF02214 BTB_2, 1 hit
      PF00520 Ion_trans, 1 hit
      PF03521 Kv2channel, 2 hits

      Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

      More...
      PRINTSi
      PR01514 KV21CHANNEL
      PR01491 KVCHANNEL
      PR01495 SHABCHANNEL

      Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

      More...
      SMARTi
      View protein in SMART
      SM00225 BTB, 1 hit

      Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

      More...
      SUPFAMi
      SSF54695 SSF54695, 1 hit

      <p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

      <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

      This entry has 1 described isoform and 2 potential isoforms that are computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

      Q14721-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
      « Hide
              10         20         30         40         50
      MPAGMTKHGS RSTSSLPPEP MEIVRSKACS RRVRLNVGGL AHEVLWRTLD
      60 70 80 90 100
      RLPRTRLGKL RDCNTHDSLL EVCDDYSLDD NEYFFDRHPG AFTSILNFYR
      110 120 130 140 150
      TGRLHMMEEM CALSFSQELD YWGIDEIYLE SCCQARYHQK KEQMNEELKR
      160 170 180 190 200
      EAETLREREG EEFDNTCCAE KRKKLWDLLE KPNSSVAAKI LAIISIMFIV
      210 220 230 240 250
      LSTIALSLNT LPELQSLDEF GQSTDNPQLA HVEAVCIAWF TMEYLLRFLS
      260 270 280 290 300
      SPKKWKFFKG PLNAIDLLAI LPYYVTIFLT ESNKSVLQFQ NVRRVVQIFR
      310 320 330 340 350
      IMRILRILKL ARHSTGLQSL GFTLRRSYNE LGLLILFLAM GIMIFSSLVF
      360 370 380 390 400
      FAEKDEDDTK FKSIPASFWW ATITMTTVGY GDIYPKTLLG KIVGGLCCIA
      410 420 430 440 450
      GVLVIALPIP IIVNNFSEFY KEQKRQEKAI KRREALERAK RNGSIVSMNM
      460 470 480 490 500
      KDAFARSIEM MDIVVEKNGE NMGKKDKVQD NHLSPNKWKW TKRTLSETSS
      510 520 530 540 550
      SKSFETKEQG SPEKARSSSS PQHLNVQQLE DMYNKMAKTQ SQPILNTKES
      560 570 580 590 600
      AAQSKPKEEL EMESIPSPVA PLPTRTEGVI DMRSMSSIDS FISCATDFPE
      610 620 630 640 650
      ATRFSHSPLT SLPSKTGGST APEVGWRGAL GASGGRFVEA NPSPDASQHS
      660 670 680 690 700
      SFFIESPKSS MKTNNPLKLR ALKVNFMEGD PSPLLPVLGM YHDPLRNRGS
      710 720 730 740 750
      AAAAVAGLEC ATLLDKAVLS PESSIYTTAS AKTPPRSPEK HTAIAFNFEA
      760 770 780 790 800
      GVHQYIDADT DDEGQLLYSV DSSPPKSLPG STSPKFSTGT RSEKNHFESS
      810 820 830 840 850
      PLPTSPKFLR QNCIYSTEAL TGKGPSGQEK CKLENHISPD VRVLPGGGAH

      GSTRDQSI
      Length:858
      Mass (Da):95,878
      Last modified:October 25, 2002 - v2
      <p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iC4B426174ED0DEE4
      GO

      <p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

      There are 2 potential isoforms mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
      EntryEntry nameProtein names
      Gene namesLengthAnnotation
      A0A1B0GU02A0A1B0GU02_HUMAN
      Potassium voltage-gated channel sub...
      KCNB1
      42Annotation score:

      Annotation score:1 out of 5

      <p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
      A0A1B0GTM8A0A1B0GTM8_HUMAN
      Potassium voltage-gated channel sub...
      KCNB1
      40Annotation score:

      Annotation score:1 out of 5

      <p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

      <p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the protein sequence shown in the UniProtKB entry and other available protein sequences derived from the same gene.<p><a href='/help/sequence_caution' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence cautioni

      The sequence AAA36156 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation.Curated

      Natural variant

      Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
      Natural variantiVAR_075573306R → C in EIEE26; reduces sensitivity and cooperativity of the voltage sensor for channel opening and greatly suppresses repetitive firing in cultured cortical neurons. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs1555889130EnsemblClinVar.1
      Natural variantiVAR_071991347S → R in EIEE26; inhibits ion selectivity and gain of a depolarizing inward cation conductance; trafficks normally to the cell surface. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs587777848EnsemblClinVar.1
      Natural variantiVAR_071992374T → I in EIEE26; inhibits ion selectivity and gain of a depolarizing inward cation conductance; trafficks normally to the cell surface. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs587777849EnsemblClinVar.1
      Natural variantiVAR_075574378V → A in EIEE26; change in the ion selectivity from potassium-selective to nonselective cation channels and significant decrease in cell membrane localization. 1 Publication1
      Natural variantiVAR_071993379G → R in EIEE26; inhibits ion selectivity and gain of a depolarizing inward cation conductance; trafficks normally to the cell surface. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs587777850EnsemblClinVar.1
      Natural variantiVAR_075575401G → R in EIEE26; dominant-negative mutation resulting in loss of endogenous channel currents and greatly suppresses repetitive firing in cultured cortical neurons. 1 Publication1
      Natural variantiVAR_062182616T → N. Corresponds to variant dbSNP:rs2229006EnsemblClinVar.1
      Natural variantiVAR_062183616T → S. Corresponds to variant dbSNP:rs2229006EnsemblClinVar.1
      Natural variantiVAR_034049825P → S. Corresponds to variant dbSNP:rs34467662EnsemblClinVar.1
      Natural variantiVAR_062184857S → N. Corresponds to variant dbSNP:rs34280195EnsemblClinVar.1

      Sequence databases

      Select the link destinations:

      EMBL nucleotide sequence database

      More...
      EMBLi

      GenBank nucleotide sequence database

      More...
      GenBanki

      DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

      More...
      DDBJi
      Links Updated
      X68302 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA48374.1
      L02840 mRNA Translation: AAA36156.1 Different initiation.
      AF026005 mRNA Translation: AAB88808.1
      AL035685 Genomic DNA No translation available.

      The Consensus CDS (CCDS) project

      More...
      CCDSi
      CCDS13418.1

      Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

      More...
      PIRi
      S31761

      NCBI Reference Sequences

      More...
      RefSeqi
      NP_004966.1, NM_004975.3
      XP_006723847.1, XM_006723784.3
      XP_011527101.1, XM_011528799.2

      Genome annotation databases

      Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

      More...
      Ensembli
      ENST00000371741; ENSP00000360806; ENSG00000158445
      ENST00000635465; ENSP00000489193; ENSG00000158445

      Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

      More...
      GeneIDi
      3745

      KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

      More...
      KEGGi
      hsa:3745

      UCSC genome browser

      More...
      UCSCi
      uc002xur.2 human

      Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

      Polymorphism

      <p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

      <p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

      Sequence databases

      Select the link destinations:
      EMBLi
      GenBanki
      DDBJi
      Links Updated
      X68302 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA48374.1
      L02840 mRNA Translation: AAA36156.1 Different initiation.
      AF026005 mRNA Translation: AAB88808.1
      AL035685 Genomic DNA No translation available.
      CCDSiCCDS13418.1
      PIRiS31761
      RefSeqiNP_004966.1, NM_004975.3
      XP_006723847.1, XM_006723784.3
      XP_011527101.1, XM_011528799.2

      3D structure databases

      Database of comparative protein structure models

      More...
      ModBasei
      Search...

      SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

      More...
      SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
      Submit a new modelling project...

      Protein-protein interaction databases

      BioGridi109947, 17 interactors
      CORUMiQ14721
      IntActiQ14721, 2 interactors
      STRINGi9606.ENSP00000360806

      Chemistry databases

      BindingDBiQ14721
      ChEMBLiCHEMBL2363000
      DrugBankiDB06637 Dalfampridine

      DrugCentral

      More...
      DrugCentrali
      Q14721
      GuidetoPHARMACOLOGYi546

      Protein family/group databases

      TCDBi1.A.1.2.11 the voltage-gated ion channel (vic) superfamily

      PTM databases

      iPTMnetiQ14721
      PhosphoSitePlusiQ14721

      Polymorphism and mutation databases

      BioMutaiKCNB1
      DMDMi24418854

      2D gel databases

      OGPiQ14721

      Proteomic databases

      jPOSTiQ14721
      MassIVEiQ14721
      MaxQBiQ14721
      PaxDbiQ14721
      PeptideAtlasiQ14721
      PRIDEiQ14721
      ProteomicsDBi60144

      Protocols and materials databases

      The DNASU plasmid repository

      More...
      DNASUi
      3745
      Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

      Genome annotation databases

      EnsembliENST00000371741; ENSP00000360806; ENSG00000158445
      ENST00000635465; ENSP00000489193; ENSG00000158445
      GeneIDi3745
      KEGGihsa:3745
      UCSCiuc002xur.2 human

      Organism-specific databases

      Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

      More...
      CTDi
      3745
      DisGeNETi3745

      GeneCards: human genes, protein and diseases

      More...
      GeneCardsi
      KCNB1
      HGNCiHGNC:6231 KCNB1
      HPAiCAB001979
      HPA042434
      MalaCardsiKCNB1
      MIMi600397 gene
      616056 phenotype
      neXtProtiNX_Q14721
      OpenTargetsiENSG00000158445
      Orphaneti442835 Undetermined early-onset epileptic encephalopathy
      PharmGKBiPA209

      GenAtlas: human gene database

      More...
      GenAtlasi
      Search...

      Phylogenomic databases

      eggNOGiKOG3713 Eukaryota
      COG1226 LUCA
      GeneTreeiENSGT00940000154899
      HOGENOMiHOG000113206
      InParanoidiQ14721
      KOiK04885
      OMAiEAGIHQY
      OrthoDBi203440at2759
      PhylomeDBiQ14721
      TreeFamiTF313103

      Enzyme and pathway databases

      ReactomeiR-HSA-1296072 Voltage gated Potassium channels
      R-HSA-381676 Glucagon-like Peptide-1 (GLP1) regulates insulin secretion
      SIGNORiQ14721

      Miscellaneous databases

      ChiTaRS: a database of human, mouse and fruit fly chimeric transcripts and RNA-sequencing data

      More...
      ChiTaRSi
      KCNB1 human

      The Gene Wiki collection of pages on human genes and proteins

      More...
      GeneWikii
      KCNB1

      Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

      More...
      GenomeRNAii
      3745

      Pharos

      More...
      Pharosi
      Q14721

      Protein Ontology

      More...
      PROi
      PR:Q14721

      The Stanford Online Universal Resource for Clones and ESTs

      More...
      SOURCEi
      Search...

      Gene expression databases

      BgeeiENSG00000158445 Expressed in 188 organ(s), highest expression level in frontal cortex
      ExpressionAtlasiQ14721 baseline and differential
      GenevisibleiQ14721 HS

      Family and domain databases

      Gene3Di1.20.120.350, 1 hit
      InterProiView protein in InterPro
      IPR000210 BTB/POZ_dom
      IPR005821 Ion_trans_dom
      IPR003968 K_chnl_volt-dep_Kv
      IPR003973 K_chnl_volt-dep_Kv2
      IPR004350 K_chnl_volt-dep_Kv2.1
      IPR011333 SKP1/BTB/POZ_sf
      IPR003131 T1-type_BTB
      IPR028325 VG_K_chnl
      IPR027359 Volt_channel_dom_sf
      PANTHERiPTHR11537 PTHR11537, 1 hit
      PfamiView protein in Pfam
      PF02214 BTB_2, 1 hit
      PF00520 Ion_trans, 1 hit
      PF03521 Kv2channel, 2 hits
      PRINTSiPR01514 KV21CHANNEL
      PR01491 KVCHANNEL
      PR01495 SHABCHANNEL
      SMARTiView protein in SMART
      SM00225 BTB, 1 hit
      SUPFAMiSSF54695 SSF54695, 1 hit

      ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

      More...
      ProtoNeti
      Search...

      MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

      More...
      MobiDBi
      Search...

      <p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

      <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiKCNB1_HUMAN
      <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q14721
      Secondary accession number(s): Q14193
      <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 15, 1998
      Last sequence update: October 25, 2002
      Last modified: September 18, 2019
      This is version 167 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
      <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
      Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
      DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

      <p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

      Keywords - Technical termi

      Complete proteome, Reference proteome

      Documents

      1. SIMILARITY comments
        Index of protein domains and families
      2. Human chromosome 20
        Human chromosome 20: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
      3. Human polymorphisms and disease mutations
        Index of human polymorphisms and disease mutations
      4. MIM cross-references
        Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      5. Human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
        List of human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
      UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
      Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

      We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

      Do not show this banner again