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Entry version 122 (08 May 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Nov 1996)
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Protein

Pyruvate kinase

Gene
N/A
Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Unreviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: glycolysis

This protein is involved in step 5 of the subpathway that synthesizes pyruvate from D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate.UniRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in the 5 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (HEL-S-278), Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, testis-specific (GAPDHS), Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (HEL-S-162eP), Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH)
  2. Phosphoglycerate kinase, Phosphoglycerate kinase 2 (PGK2), Phosphoglycerate kinase, Phosphoglycerate kinase, Phosphoglycerate kinase 1 (PGK1), Phosphoglycerate kinase (HEL-S-68p), Phosphoglycerate kinase (HEL-S-272), Phosphoglycerate kinase, Phosphoglycerate kinase
  3. no protein annotated in this organism
  4. Alpha-enolase (ENO1), Beta-enolase (ENO3), Enolase 4 (ENO4), Gamma-enolase (ENO2)
  5. Pyruvate kinase, Pyruvate kinase PKLR (PKLR), Pyruvate kinase, Pyruvate kinase, Pyruvate kinase PKM (PKM), Pyruvate kinase (PKM2), Pyruvate kinase (PKLR), Pyruvate kinase (PKM2), Pyruvate kinase (PKM), Pyruvate kinase (HEL-S-30), Pyruvate kinase (PKM), Pyruvate kinase (PKM2), Pyruvate kinase (PKM), Pyruvate kinase (PKM2), Pyruvate kinase, Pyruvate kinase (PKM)
This subpathway is part of the pathway glycolysis, which is itself part of Carbohydrate degradation.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes pyruvate from D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, the pathway glycolysis and in Carbohydrate degradation.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionKinaseUniRule annotationImported, Transferase
Biological processGlycolysisUniRule annotation
LigandMagnesiumUniRule annotation, PyruvateImported

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00109;UER00188

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Pyruvate kinaseUniRule annotation (EC:2.7.1.40UniRule annotation)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Proteomic databases

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
Q16715

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q16715

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
Q16715

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini99 – 450PKInterPro annotationAdd BLAST352
Domaini467 – 584PK_CInterPro annotationAdd BLAST118

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the pyruvate kinase family.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG2323 Eukaryota
COG0469 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000021559

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00288 Pyruvate_Kinase, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
2.40.33.10, 1 hit
3.20.20.60, 1 hit
3.40.1380.20, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR001697 Pyr_Knase
IPR015813 Pyrv/PenolPyrv_Kinase-like_dom
IPR040442 Pyrv_Kinase-like_dom_sf
IPR011037 Pyrv_Knase-like_insert_dom_sf
IPR018209 Pyrv_Knase_AS
IPR015793 Pyrv_Knase_brl
IPR015795 Pyrv_Knase_C
IPR036918 Pyrv_Knase_C_sf
IPR015806 Pyrv_Knase_insert_dom_sf

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11817 PTHR11817, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00224 PK, 1 hit
PF02887 PK_C, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR01050 PYRUVTKNASE

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF50800 SSF50800, 1 hit
SSF51621 SSF51621, 1 hit
SSF52935 SSF52935, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01064 pyruv_kin, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00110 PYRUVATE_KINASE, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Fragment.

Q16715-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
HSMVPQPQAH TESMSIQENI SSLQLRSWVS KSQRDLAKSI LIGAPGGPAG
60 70 80 90 100
YLRRASVAQL TQELGTAFFQ QQQLPAAMAD TFLEHLCLLD IDSEPVAARS
110 120 130 140 150
TSIIATIGPA SRSVERLKEM IKAGMNIARL NFSHGSHEYH AESIANVREA
160 170 180 190 200
VESFAGSPLS YRPVAIALDT KGPEIRTGIL QGGPESEVEL VKGSQVLVTV
210 220 230 240 250
DPAFRTRGNA NTVWVDYPNI VRVVPVGGRI YIDDGLISLV VQKIGPEGLV
260 270 280 290 300
TQVENGGVLG SRKGVNLPGA QVDLPGLSEQ DVRDLRFGVE HGVDIVFASF
310 320 330 340 350
VRKASDVAAV RAALGPEGHG IKIISKIENH EGVKRFDEIL EVSDGIMVAR
360 370 380 390 400
GDLGIEIPAE KVFLAQKMMI GRCNLAGKPV VCATQMLESM ITKPRPTRAE
410 420 430 440 450
TSDVANAVLD GADCIMLSGE TAKGNFPVEA VKMQHAIARE AEAAVYHRQL
460 470 480 490 500
FEELRRAAPL SRDPTEVTAI GAVEAAFKCC AAAIIVLTTT GRSAQLLSRY
510 520 530 540 550
RPRAAVIAVT RSAQAARQVH LCRGVFPLLY REPPEAIWAD DVDRRVQFGI
560 570 580
ESGKLRGFLR VGDLVIVVTG WRPGSGYTNI MRVLSIS
Length:587
Mass (Da):63,261
Last modified:November 1, 1996 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iE6BC7F2C7A4B6069
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section is used for sequence fragments to indicate that the residue at the extremity of the sequence is not the actual terminal residue in the complete protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/non_ter' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Non-terminal residuei1Imported1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
U47654 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA92535.1

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U47654 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA92535.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ16715
ModBaseiSearch...

Proteomic databases

PeptideAtlasiQ16715
PRIDEiQ16715

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2323 Eukaryota
COG0469 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000021559

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00109;UER00188

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00288 Pyruvate_Kinase, 1 hit
Gene3Di2.40.33.10, 1 hit
3.20.20.60, 1 hit
3.40.1380.20, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001697 Pyr_Knase
IPR015813 Pyrv/PenolPyrv_Kinase-like_dom
IPR040442 Pyrv_Kinase-like_dom_sf
IPR011037 Pyrv_Knase-like_insert_dom_sf
IPR018209 Pyrv_Knase_AS
IPR015793 Pyrv_Knase_brl
IPR015795 Pyrv_Knase_C
IPR036918 Pyrv_Knase_C_sf
IPR015806 Pyrv_Knase_insert_dom_sf
PANTHERiPTHR11817 PTHR11817, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00224 PK, 1 hit
PF02887 PK_C, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01050 PYRUVTKNASE
SUPFAMiSSF50800 SSF50800, 1 hit
SSF51621 SSF51621, 1 hit
SSF52935 SSF52935, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01064 pyruv_kin, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00110 PYRUVATE_KINASE, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiQ16715_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q16715
Secondary accession number(s): E7ES13
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL: November 1, 1996
Last sequence update: November 1, 1996
Last modified: May 8, 2019
This is version 122 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiUnreviewed (UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.
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