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Entry version 95 (16 Oct 2019)
Sequence version 1 (04 Apr 2006)
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Protein

AP-4 complex subunit mu-1

Gene

AP4M1

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Component of the adaptor protein complex 4 (AP-4). Adaptor protein complexes are vesicle coat components involved both in vesicle formation and cargo selection. They control the vesicular transport of proteins in different trafficking pathways. AP-4 forms a non clathrin-associated coat on vesicles departing the trans-Golgi network (TGN) and may be involved in the targeting of proteins from the trans-Golgi network (TGN) to the endosomal-lysosomal system. It is also involved in protein sorting to the basolateral membrane in epithelial cells and the proper asymmetric localization of somatodendritic proteins in neurons. Within AP-4, the mu-type subunit AP4M1 is directly involved in the recognition and binding of tyrosine-based sorting signals found in the cytoplasmic part of cargos. The adaptor protein complex 4 (AP-4) may also recognize other types of sorting signal.By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processProtein transport, Transport

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-BTA-432720 Lysosome Vesicle Biogenesis

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
AP-4 complex subunit mu-1Curated
Alternative name(s):
AP-4 adaptor complex mu subunit
Adaptor-related protein complex 4 subunit mu-1
Mu subunit of AP-4
Mu-adaptin-related protein 2
Short name:
mu-ARP2
Mu4-adaptin
Short name:
mu4
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:AP4M1By similarity
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCetartiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 25

Organism-specific databases

Vertebrate Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
VGNCi
VGNC:25993 AP4M1

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Endosome, Golgi apparatus, Membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00002838031 – 452AP-4 complex subunit mu-1Add BLAST452

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q29RY8

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q29RY8

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSBTAG00000002881 Expressed in 9 organ(s), highest expression level in testis

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Adaptor protein complex 4 (AP-4) is a heterotetramer composed of two large adaptins (epsilon-type subunit AP4E1 and beta-type subunit AP4B1), a medium adaptin (mu-type subunit AP4M1) and a small adaptin (sigma-type AP4S1).

Interacts with tyrosine-based sorting signals on the cytoplasmic tail of cargo proteins such as APP, LAMP2 and NAGPA.

Interacts with the C-terminal domain of GRID2.

Interacts with GRIA1 and GRIA2; the interaction is indirect via CACNG3.

Interacts with CACNG3; CACNG3 associates GRIA1 and GRIA2 with the adaptor protein complex 4 (AP-4) to target them to the somatodendritic compartment of neurons.

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9913.ENSBTAP00000003736

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q29RY8

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini184 – 451MHDPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST268

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0937 Eukaryota
ENOG410XPFS LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000159929

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000173245

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q29RY8

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K12402

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
LMYLKLR

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
662490at2759

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF329745

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR036168 AP2_Mu_C_sf
IPR022775 AP_mu_sigma_su
IPR001392 Clathrin_mu
IPR018240 Clathrin_mu_CS
IPR011012 Longin-like_dom_sf
IPR028565 MHD

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00928 Adap_comp_sub, 1 hit
PF01217 Clat_adaptor_s, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF005992 Clathrin_mu, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00314 CLATHRINADPT

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF49447 SSF49447, 1 hit
SSF64356 SSF64356, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00991 CLAT_ADAPTOR_M_2, 1 hit
PS51072 MHD, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Q29RY8-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MISQFFILSS KGDPLIYKDF RGDSGGRDVA ELFYRKLTGL PGDESPVVMH
60 70 80 90 100
HDDRHFIHIR HSGLYLVATT SENISPFSLL ELLSRLATLL GDYCGSLGEA
110 120 130 140 150
TISRNVALVY ELLDEVLDYG YVQTTSTEVL RNFIQTEAVV SKPFSLFDLS
160 170 180 190 200
SVGLFGAETQ QSKVAPSSAA SRPVLSSRSD QSQKNEVFLD VVERLSVLIA
210 220 230 240 250
SNGSLLKVDV QGEIRLKSFL PSGSEMRIGL TEEFCVGKSE LRGYGPGIRV
260 270 280 290 300
DEVSFHSSVY LDEFESHRIL RLQPPQGELT VMRYQLSDDL PSPLPFRLFP
310 320 330 340 350
SVQWDRGSGR LQVYLKLRCD LPPKSQALNV RLHLPLPRGV VSLSQELSSP
360 370 380 390 400
EQKAELGEGA LRWDLPRVQG GSQLSGLFQM DVPGLPGPPG QGPSASAPLG
410 420 430 440 450
LGPASLSFEL PRHTCSGLQV RFLRLAFRPC GNANPHKWVR HLSHSDAYVI

RI
Length:452
Mass (Da):49,854
Last modified:April 4, 2006 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i2B48FDEACA6E65A7
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
A0A452DHX6A0A452DHX6_BOVIN
AP-4 complex subunit mu-1
AP4M1
460Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC113334 mRNA Translation: AAI13335.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001070567.1, NM_001077099.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSBTAT00000075724; ENSBTAP00000070652; ENSBTAG00000002881

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
768040

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bta:768040

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC113334 mRNA Translation: AAI13335.1
RefSeqiNP_001070567.1, NM_001077099.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ29RY8
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000003736

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ29RY8
PRIDEiQ29RY8

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSBTAT00000075724; ENSBTAP00000070652; ENSBTAG00000002881
GeneIDi768040
KEGGibta:768040

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
9179
VGNCiVGNC:25993 AP4M1

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0937 Eukaryota
ENOG410XPFS LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000159929
HOGENOMiHOG000173245
InParanoidiQ29RY8
KOiK12402
OMAiLMYLKLR
OrthoDBi662490at2759
TreeFamiTF329745

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-BTA-432720 Lysosome Vesicle Biogenesis

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSBTAG00000002881 Expressed in 9 organ(s), highest expression level in testis

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR036168 AP2_Mu_C_sf
IPR022775 AP_mu_sigma_su
IPR001392 Clathrin_mu
IPR018240 Clathrin_mu_CS
IPR011012 Longin-like_dom_sf
IPR028565 MHD
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00928 Adap_comp_sub, 1 hit
PF01217 Clat_adaptor_s, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF005992 Clathrin_mu, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00314 CLATHRINADPT
SUPFAMiSSF49447 SSF49447, 1 hit
SSF64356 SSF64356, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00991 CLAT_ADAPTOR_M_2, 1 hit
PS51072 MHD, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiAP4M1_BOVIN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q29RY8
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 17, 2007
Last sequence update: April 4, 2006
Last modified: October 16, 2019
This is version 95 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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