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Entry version 80 (16 Oct 2019)
Sequence version 1 (04 Apr 2006)
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Protein

Alpha-copaene synthase

Gene

TPS8

Organism
Zea mays (Maize)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Converts farnesyl diphosphate to the bicyclic olefins alpha-copaene, (E)-beta-caryophyllene, and to the macrocyclic sesquiterpene germacrene D (PubMed:21607717). Mediates also the biosynthesis of minor sesquiterpene hydrocarbons including delta-cadinene (PubMed:21607717). Involved in indirect defense by producing volatile signals attracting natural enemies of herbivores (PubMed:21607717).1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Mg2+By similarity, Mn2+By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: terpenoid biosynthesis

This protein is involved in the pathway terpenoid biosynthesis, which is part of Secondary metabolite biosynthesis.1 Publication1 Publication
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway terpenoid biosynthesis and in Secondary metabolite biosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi290Magnesium or manganese 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi290Magnesium or manganese 2By similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei290SubstrateBy similarity1
Metal bindingi294Magnesium or manganese 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi294Magnesium or manganese 2By similarity1
Binding sitei294SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei432SubstrateBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionLyase
LigandMagnesium, Manganese, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00213

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Alpha-copaene synthase1 Publication (EC:4.2.3.1331 Publication)
Alternative name(s):
(+)-germacrene D synthase1 Publication (EC:4.2.3.771 Publication)
Beta-caryophyllene synthase1 Publication (EC:4.2.3.571 Publication)
Delta-cadinene synthase1 Publication (EC:4.2.3.-1 Publication)
Terpene synthase 81 Publication
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:TPS81 Publication
ORF Names:ZEAMMB73_Zm00001d029195Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiZea mays (Maize)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri4577 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaLiliopsidaPoalesPoaceaePACMAD cladePanicoideaeAndropogonodaeAndropogoneaeTripsacinaeZea
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000007305 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 1

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004475161 – 539Alpha-copaene synthaseAdd BLAST539

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
Q29VN3 baseline and differential

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Monomer.

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
4577.GRMZM2G038153_P01

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Motif

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a short (usually not more than 20 amino acids) conserved sequence motif of biological significance.<p><a href='/help/motif' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Motifi290 – 294DDXXD motifBy similarity5

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term ‘domain’ is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

The Asp-Asp-Xaa-Xaa-Asp/Glu (DDXXD/E) motif is important for the catalytic activity, presumably through binding to Mg2+.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the terpene synthase family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG410J94F Eukaryota
ENOG41117C3 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000232971

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K15803

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
360509at2759

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.600.10, 1 hit
1.50.10.130, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR008949 Isoprenoid_synthase_dom_sf
IPR034741 Terpene_cyclase-like_1_C
IPR001906 Terpene_synth_N
IPR036965 Terpene_synth_N_sf
IPR005630 Terpene_synthase_metal-bd
IPR008930 Terpenoid_cyclase/PrenylTrfase

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF01397 Terpene_synth, 1 hit
PF03936 Terpene_synth_C, 1 hit

Structure-Function Linkage Database

More...
SFLDi
SFLDG01019 Terpene_Cyclase_Like_1_C_Termi, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF48239 SSF48239, 1 hit
SSF48576 SSF48576, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 2 potential isoforms that are computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Q29VN3-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAPKTVWGYF FIDYIPEPLQ VSDKQRVVEL KGEVARLFED CNCKDVVERM
60 70 80 90 100
NLVDVVQRLG IDHHFKEQID TALKNIQGAE FNSSDLHEVS LRFRLLRQHG
110 120 130 140 150
LWVPADQFDK FRRQEDGSFS SDIADDPKGL LGLYNAASLL IHGEEVLEEA
160 170 180 190 200
LLFARRHLES IRRGGGLHDS PYLSEQVGRS LKIPLPRTLK RLEAVSYIPE
210 220 230 240 250
YSSADDTTYI HPEILELARL DFNLLQHVHQ NELRTVTQWW KGLCDVIGPD
260 270 280 290 300
YGRDRIVECY FWAFSMYYEE EHARARMILA RLIMLASLLD DTFDDRATLQ
310 320 330 340 350
ECRELNKAIE RWDESDDISL LPECIQKFFL EVIRNFAEFE DELEAHEKYR
360 370 380 390 400
VAYARKAYQL LSKSYLQEVE WCHQGYTPSF DDHVSVSTAS AGIQVLCVGM
410 420 430 440 450
LVGMGDAATK EVFEWMIGSN NRVVRACAEV TRFMDDMADF KRGKNKTDVA
460 470 480 490 500
TTVECYMKEQ NVTGEVAFDK IGSFVEDAWK TLNQAALVGD RALLPVVQRV
510 520 530
AGLAMSMMVF FHGKIDRYTD SEHLKETLED LFVNHVPLC
Length:539
Mass (Da):62,026
Last modified:April 4, 2006 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i9F2F2FF494BF9482
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There are 2 potential isoforms mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
A0A1D6K3D7A0A1D6K3D7_MAIZE
Terpene synthase8
732834 ZEAMMB73_Zm00001d029195
490Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
A0A1D6K3D6A0A1D6K3D6_MAIZE
Terpene synthase8
732834 ZEAMMB73_Zm00001d029195
460Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AY928080 mRNA Translation: AAX99148.1
CM007647 Genomic DNA Translation: ONL98158.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001105912.1, NM_001112442.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl plant genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblPlantsi
Zm00001d029195_T001; Zm00001d029195_P001; Zm00001d029195

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
732834

Gramene; a comparative resource for plants

More...
Gramenei
Zm00001d029195_T001; Zm00001d029195_P001; Zm00001d029195

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
zma:732834

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AY928080 mRNA Translation: AAX99148.1
CM007647 Genomic DNA Translation: ONL98158.1
RefSeqiNP_001105912.1, NM_001112442.1

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

More...
SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi4577.GRMZM2G038153_P01

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiZm00001d029195_T001; Zm00001d029195_P001; Zm00001d029195
GeneIDi732834
GrameneiZm00001d029195_T001; Zm00001d029195_P001; Zm00001d029195
KEGGizma:732834

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410J94F Eukaryota
ENOG41117C3 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000232971
KOiK15803
OrthoDBi360509at2759

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00213

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiQ29VN3 baseline and differential

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.600.10, 1 hit
1.50.10.130, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR008949 Isoprenoid_synthase_dom_sf
IPR034741 Terpene_cyclase-like_1_C
IPR001906 Terpene_synth_N
IPR036965 Terpene_synth_N_sf
IPR005630 Terpene_synthase_metal-bd
IPR008930 Terpenoid_cyclase/PrenylTrfase
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01397 Terpene_synth, 1 hit
PF03936 Terpene_synth_C, 1 hit
SFLDiSFLDG01019 Terpene_Cyclase_Like_1_C_Termi, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF48239 SSF48239, 1 hit
SSF48576 SSF48576, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiTPS8_MAIZE
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q29VN3
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 3, 2019
Last sequence update: April 4, 2006
Last modified: October 16, 2019
This is version 80 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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