Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.
Entry version 73 (18 Sep 2019)
Sequence version 2 (01 May 1999)
Previous versions | rss
Help videoAdd a publicationFeedback
Protein

Vesicular acetylcholine transporter

Gene
N/A
Organism
Torpedo marmorata (Marbled electric ray)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Involved in acetylcholine transport into synaptic vesicles.By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processNeurotransmitter transport, Transport

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Vesicular acetylcholine transporter
Short name:
VAChT
Alternative name(s):
Vesamicol-binding protein
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiTorpedo marmorata (Marbled electric ray)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri7788 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataChondrichthyesElasmobranchiiBatoideaTorpediniformesTorpedinidaeTorpedo

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini1 – 36CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST36
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei37 – 57HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini58 – 108Lumenal, vesicleSequence analysisAdd BLAST51
Transmembranei109 – 129HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini130 – 135CytoplasmicSequence analysis6
Transmembranei136 – 156HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini157 – 165Lumenal, vesicleSequence analysis9
Transmembranei166 – 186HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini187 – 197CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST11
Transmembranei198 – 218HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini219 – 225Lumenal, vesicleSequence analysis7
Transmembranei226 – 246HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini247 – 267CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei268 – 288HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini289 – 306Lumenal, vesicleSequence analysisAdd BLAST18
Transmembranei307 – 327HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini328 – 337CytoplasmicSequence analysis10
Transmembranei338 – 358HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini359 – 363Lumenal, vesicleSequence analysis5
Transmembranei364 – 384HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini385 – 400CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST16
Transmembranei401 – 421HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini422 – 428Lumenal, vesicleSequence analysis7
Transmembranei429 – 449HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini450 – 511CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST62

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001275231 – 511Vesicular acetylcholine transporterAdd BLAST511

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi80N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi83N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi88N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi302N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1

Keywords - PTMi

Glycoprotein

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

High expression in the electric lobe of the brain.1 Publication

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR011701 MFS
IPR020846 MFS_dom
IPR036259 MFS_trans_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF07690 MFS_1, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF103473 SSF103473, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50850 MFS, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q91498-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAVGQAKAAM GKISSAIGER SKRISGAMNE PRRKRKILLV IVCIAMLLDN
60 70 80 90 100
MLYMVIVPII PNYLETIRTY KLVYITTPSN GTNGSLLNST QRAVLERNPN
110 120 130 140 150
ANEDIQIGVL FASKAILQLL SNPFTGTFID RVGYDIPLLI GLTIMFFSTI
160 170 180 190 200
TFAFGESYAI LFAARSLQGL GSAFADTSGI AMIADKYTEE SERTQALGIA
210 220 230 240 250
LAFISFGSLV APPFGGVLYQ FAGKWVPFLV LSFVCLLDGI LLLMVVTPFA
260 270 280 290 300
SRTRVNTLQG TPIYKLMIDP YIAVVAGALT TCNIPLAFLE PTISNWMKKT
310 320 330 340 350
MNASEWQMGI TWLPAFFPHI LGVYITVKLA AKYPNYQWLY GAVGLVIIGA
360 370 380 390 400
SSCTIPACRN FEELIIPLCA LCFGIALVDT ALLPTLAFLV DIRYVSVYGS
410 420 430 440 450
VYAIADISYS VAYALGPIMA GQIVHDLGFV QLNLGMGLVN ILYAPGLLFL
460 470 480 490 500
RNVCQMKPSL SERNILLEEG PKGLYDTIIM EERKEAKEPH GTSSGNHSVH
510
AVLSDQEGYS E
Length:511
Mass (Da):55,715
Last modified:May 1, 1999 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i228AB43BF963994C
GO

<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the protein sequence shown in the UniProtKB entry and other available protein sequences derived from the same gene.<p><a href='/help/sequence_caution' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence cautioni

The sequence AAC59647 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation.Curated

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
U05591 mRNA Translation: AAC59647.1 Different initiation.

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S43685

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U05591 mRNA Translation: AAC59647.1 Different initiation.
PIRiS43685

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

More...
SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR011701 MFS
IPR020846 MFS_dom
IPR036259 MFS_trans_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF07690 MFS_1, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF103473 SSF103473, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50850 MFS, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiVACHT_TORMA
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q91498
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: September 19, 2003
Last sequence update: May 1, 1999
Last modified: September 18, 2019
This is version 73 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again