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The interleukin-1 receptor accessory protein (IL-1RAcP) is essential for IL-1-induced activation of interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase (IRAK) and stress-activated protein kinases (SAP kinases).

Wesche H., Korherr C., Kracht M., Falk W., Resch K., Martin M.U.

Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is a central mediator of the immune system involved in acute and chronic inflammatory responses. Although the sequences of two types of IL-1 receptors are known, the exact molecular events resulting in signal transduction and coupling to downstream signaling elements remain unclear. The recently cloned IL-1 receptor accessory protein (IL-1RAcP) has been suggested as a co-receptor molecule for IL-1RI, supported by the observation that its expression correlates to IL-1 responsiveness. We transfected the EL-4 subline D6/76 with IL-1RAcP cDNA. This cell line is an IL-1 non-responder expressing IL-1RI but lacking constitutive IL-1RAcP expression. The expression of IL-1RAcP in EL-4 D6/76 was sufficient to restore IL-1-induced activation of interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase and of stress-activated protein kinases, translocation of the transcription factors NFkappaB and IL-1 NF to the nucleus, and induction of IL-2 mRNA synthesis. These results proved that IL-1RAcP is an indispensible molecule in the IL-1 receptor signal transduction complex, necessary to link events on the plasma membrane level to downstream signaling pathways, allowing IL-1-dependent activation of transcription factors and gene expression.

J. Biol. Chem. 272:7727-7731(1997) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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